Lucas Oliveira wrote:
Who influenced all of them?
Art does not reproduce what we see; rather, it makes us see. Paul Klee
The serious answer to your jokey question is probably Descartes, who really made the mind-body dualism central to the way westerners understand themselves. After all, if the 'mind' is truly part of the 'body', it's pretty hard to imagine separating it and putting it in another (artificial) body.
One of the deepest and most lasting legacies of Descartes’ philosophy is his thesis that mind and body are really distinct—a thesis now called "mind-body dualism." He reaches this conclusion by arguing that the nature of the mind (that is, a thinking, non-extended thing) is completely different from that of the body (that is, an extended, non-thinking thing), and therefore it is possible for one to exist without the other.
That's from http://www.iep.utm.edu/descmind/
, which quickly gets very technical
but there's plenty more to turn up with an internet search.