Bankei wrote:Ancient and Modern Theravadins claim merit can be transferred to others.
Evil is done by oneself,
by oneself is one defiled.
Evil is left undone by oneself,
by oneself is one cleansed.
Purity & impurity are one's own doing.
No one purifies another. No other purifies one.
puñña [pu~n~na]: Merit; worth; the inner sense of well-being that comes from having acted rightly or well and that enables one to continue acting well.
gavesako wrote:During the recent political trouble in Thailand, some of the parties have performed "Buddhist" ceremonies directed at an (imagined) protective deity of Siam, asking him to "smite their opponents with terrible misfortune" so that they cannot exert their power anymore (i.e. Thaksin and his people). This may sound like voodoo or perhaps transfer of demerit...
Bhikkhu Pesala wrote:Smile and the world smiles with you...
cry and you cry alone.
The followers of Mahadeva, founder of Caitika school of Buddhism, originated the theory of gifts (deyyadhamma), which stated that the merits gained by the donation can be transferred to anyone. Later this theory evolved in the Mahayana theory of 'transfer of merit' (parinamana).
In Mahayana, Bodhisattva is seen as one who transfers his merits to other believers, and takes their bad karma on himself. This is exemplified by Tibetan breathing meditation practice, whereas with every outbreath one imagines that he is sharing merits with others, and imagines that with every inbreath takes in others' demerits.
The 'parinamana' theory infiltrated into the Theravadin rituals , especially in Sri lanka.
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