namo tassa bhagavato arahato samma sambuddhassa
buddham dhammam sangham namasami
Welcome to the forum, and truly hope you may find the answers you are searching for.
Throughout this text, I will support this writing with some links that you may follow, in order to provide you with additional information that may help you to get more familiar with the Teachings of the Buddha, and this will make much easier for you to begin to navigate on what it seems a very complex philosophy; convention that is extremely far from the true.
Now, going directly into your question, Anatta, o No Self, is one of the Pillars of Foundations of the Teachings of the Buddha; The Dhamma, and for someone as newbie as yourself, it might be a very tough cookie to begin with, not because the concept is complex and out of your reach, but because is something that only by realizing it, can be comprehend. So, at this moment, makes no sense to approach something that you won’t be able to grasp, but for the sake of things, I will give you some important elements to consider.
First, you should read with open heart and look into one of the most profound teachings in Buddhism; Dependent Origination: Pratītyasamutpāda http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prat%C4%AB ... tp%C4%81da
. The Buddha taught, that everything that has origin and cause and depend on something else for its existence is temporal, impermanent, and it is bound to die, expire or disappear, and as consequence of this, it is Empty by Nature and lacks of substance, it is not truly existent.
As an example, if we accept the concepts of science about the age of the current universe, we will understand how minimal our footprint on this world is, how insignificant our existence in comparison with time and space is, and with this approach, have a little grasp about the concept of impermanence and uncertainty of life and existence. http://www.bps.lk/olib/wh/wh015.pdf
If after reading all these concepts, you start to feel bored and your head is wanting to explode, I don’t blame you, it is not something for novices as I said previously, and for this reason, I would like to move to something easier to approach.
In the beginning of our practice, doubts and estheticism arise on our minds due to the lack of proper knowledge and faith, and it is completely natural, please, do not feel bad about it, it is just part of the process; and yes, there is faith on Buddhism, but I will prefer at this time, to use the term of Dhamma, instead of Buddhism, I will explain this later on this response.
Dhamma has been traditionally defined as the teachings of the Buddha; The Enlightened One, The Blessed One, and when we apply those teachings to our daily lives, this is called Practice. This practice, at the beginning, is plagued by overwhelming chain of thoughts (Mental Fermentations) that arise from our own mental defilements, and these mental defilements are called Kilesas: http://www.palikanon.com/english/wtb/g_m/kilesa.htm
These Kilesas have been polluting our minds since long, long time ago, but, let’s concentrate on the present moment for this specific response. For this reason, it is necessary for us to purify our minds, in order to have a better chance to begin to understand and assimilate some of the most basic concepts of the Teachings of the Buddha; Dhamma.
To begin, these are the most important things you should know at the start of your practice: Do Not Harm, Do Good and Purify Your Heart.
These three instructions contain the complete essence of Buddhism; Dhamma, in which the Eightfold Path; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noble_Eightfold_Path
and the Seven Factors that support the fruition of Enlightenment; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Fact ... ightenment
comes together. Please, put your heart and efforts on this aspect of the practice and follow it with enthusiasm and faith, and you will see results on a very short time.
Great Masters and Teachers, which had been known for their wisdom and for being recognized as Enlightened Beings, have made emphasis on three essential aspects of the practice; Sīlaṃ samādhi paññā, usually translated as Morality, Concentration or Absorption, and Wisdom; and If you are able to incorporate these important aspects of the practice into your life, you will be able to soon have the clearness of mind to begin to grasp into Dhamma, and by doing so, you will see that everything you have been searching for, have been within you at all times, it is just that the dust covering your eyes did not allow you to see what it was right in front of you all along; The Ultimate True, to see things as They Truly Are, Anicca, Dukkha, and Anatta: Impermanence or Uncertainty, Unsatisfactoriness and Ultimately NO Self.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_marks_of_existencehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Threefold_Traininghttp://www.budsas.org/ebud/ebmed019.htm
If you are really interested in Buddhism, then, you should practice and find out for yourself if what has been taught by the Buddha is true, no one else can do it for you. If within your heart, these questions are not mean to find a way for you to realize the true nature of things, then, you may lose a unique opportunity of experiencing something that may bring true happiness to your life and the certainty of knowing for yourself, not because you read it or hear it, but because you experience it, and there is nothing more powerful than that, because 2500 year ago, one special individual, through his one efforts and sacrifices, realized the true nature of his mind and this world, and thanks to him, you and I, are having this conversation, this individual is who we call The Buddha.
The Enlightened One, The Awaken One said;
“He who sees Dhamma, Vakkali, sees me; he who sees me sees Dhamma. Truly seeing Dhamma, one sees me; seeing me one sees Dhamma” The Buddha.
If you place true efforts on your practice, someday the Eye of the Dhamma will awake on you, and you will see the True Buddha you have been anxiously looking for, don’t stop, hurry, there is no time to waste; sit, cross your legs, and place your right hand in top of your left hand palm, straighten your back and comfortably bring mindfulness in front of you (Be aware of the purpose of your meditation and fix your mind on the in and out of your breathing, at the tip of your nose, your stomach or anywhere on your body that suit better to yourself) and use the word Buddho with your in breath and your out breath. With this part of the practice, steady and permanent, at least once a day, and increase it until you may sit for one hour at the time, you will begin to purify your mind, and by voluntarily following the Five Precepts, you practice will grow stronger to the point that your faith and practice will bring real joy to your life and those around you, and without no doubt, you will become a better human being. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dharma_(Buddhism
It is my true wish that you find happiness and contentment and someday, you will be on the other side of the questions, and responding to others based in your own true experience of your Practice and the Dhamma.
Take Refuge in The Buddha, The Dhamma and the Sangha, which are all one inside of you.
Blessings for you and your practice
Your brother in Dhamma