Will wrote:In a short biography of Ledi Sayadaw it mentions he was taught and mastered the Vedas when he was a novice. Is it or was it common in Burma or any other Theravadin nation to teach the Vedas or other works of Hinduism to novice Bhikkhus?
I don't think it's common anywhere nowadays, but in the past a Theravada pariyatti monk was expected to be learned in quite a number of fields besides the obvious ones of Pali grammar and Pali texts. The 20th century state-imposed stream-lining of monastic curricula, coupled with the introduction of secular state education (where formerly education, especially for the poor, had been largely in the hands of monks), pretty much put an end to this.
Khandhānaṃ rāsaṭṭhaṃ, āyatanānaṃ āyatanaṭṭhaṃ,
Dhātūnaṃ suññaṭṭhaṃ, indriyānaṃ adhipatiyaṭṭhaṃ,
Saccānaṃ tathaṭṭhaṃ aviditaṃ karotītipi ‘avijjā’.
It prevents knowing the meaning of heap in the aggregates, the meaning of actuating in the sense-bases, the meaning of voidness in the elements, the meaning of predominance in the faculties, and the meaning of suchness in the truths, thus it is called ‘ignorance’.
(Visuddhimagga XVII. 43)