Future Bhikkhu wrote:Could someone tell me what suttas are most important when studying Buddhism?
There's no definitive agreement on the relative value of each sutta, though some are invariably referenced more than others.
Are you just deliving into the suttas for the first time? If so, there's some good sutta compilations around (though I won't go into details if this wasn't the purpose of your query).
"Having understood name-and-form, which is a product of prolificity,
And which is the root of all malady within and without,
He is released from bondage to the root of all maladies,
That Such-like-one is truly known as 'the one who has understood'." (Snp 3.6)
"Whether I were to preach in brief, Sāriputta, or whether I were to preach in detail, Sāriputta, or whether I were to preach both in brief or in detail, Sāriputta, rare are those who understand." (A I 333, Sāriputtasutta)