We need new rules

An open and inclusive investigation into Buddhism and spiritual cultivation

Re: We need new rules

Postby Kusala » Thu Oct 31, 2013 10:56 am

Dan74 wrote:
Bhikkhu Pesala wrote:
Dan74 wrote:I am not arguing that they are the historical Shakyamuni Buddha's teachings, but there can be a case made (if you check the link I posted above, for example) that they serve the same purpose. And if they do indeed help to lead from ignorance to enlightenment, from bondage to liberation, then the label 'junk' is not appropriate.

Teachings and practices acquired from Hinduism, which are not the Buddha's teachings, do not serve the same purpose as the Buddha's teaching.


Thank you for checking that link, Bhante, but you evidently didn't read to the end, because it tells:

http://viewonbuddhism.org/tantra_practice.html#9

It is often claimed that Buddhist tantra is a derivative from tantric practices of Shivaism, but in fact, the reverse may be true. Although there are striking external resemblances, the differences in methods and aims are much more significant.
As Benoytosh Bhattacharyya notes in his 'Buddhist Esoterism':

"it is possible to declare, without fear of contradiction, that the Buddhists were the first to introduce the tantras into their religion, and that the Hindus borrowed them from the Buddhists in later times, and that it is idle to say that later Buddhism is an outcome of Saivaism. .. The literature, which goes by the name of the Hindu Tantras, arose almost immediately after the Buddhist ideas had established themselves."


As for your other claims, you have said nothing to substantiate the label 'junk'. I think the onus is on you, Bhante.


Tantra violates the 1st stage of awakening...

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Homage to the Buddha
Thus indeed, is that Blessed One: He is the Holy One, fully enlightened, endowed with clear vision and virtuous conduct, sublime, the Knower of the worlds, the incomparable leader of men to be tamed, the teacher of gods and men, enlightened and blessed.

Homage to the Teachings
The Dhamma of the Blessed One is perfectly expounded; to be seen here and now; not delayed in
time; inviting one to come and see; onward leading (to Nibbana); to be known by the wise, each for himself.
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Re: We need new rules

Postby Aloka » Thu Oct 31, 2013 10:58 am

Bhikkhu Pesala wrote:The accumulated junk we need to get rid of is the rites and rituals — holy threads, amulets, astrology, mandalas, tantras, guru worship, and initiations. In brief, all of the stuff that has infiltrated Buddhism from other religions and cultures. To know what is the Buddha's original teaching and what is not, takes some patient study.



Having worn 'blessing' and 'protection' threads and amulets for many years, when practising with another tradition, as well as sincerely doing everything else mentioned (and more) including taking part in the required guru devotion to present and past gurus, I can only say that discovering the suttas and Ajahn Chah and the Theravada Forest tradition was a huge revelation to me. I have happily left all the other things behind now and am grateful that they eventually led me to something very different.

I don't think its a good idea to publicly say those practices are 'junk' though, because some people take them very seriously and feel they have benefited from them.

:anjali:
Last edited by Aloka on Thu Oct 31, 2013 11:04 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: We need new rules

Postby Bhikkhu Pesala » Thu Oct 31, 2013 10:59 am

Dan74 wrote:As for your other claims, you have said nothing to substantiate the label 'junk'. I think the onus is on you, Bhante.

You already admitted that it is not the teaching of Sakyamuni, so what more evidence do we need to provide to substantiate that the label "junk" is valid?

Whatever contemporary Buddhist teachers say, if it's their own invention, and cannot be traced in the Dhamma and Vinaya, then one should rightly conclude that it is not the Buddha's teaching.

We can find no basis for reciting "Om Mane Padme Om," or arranging coloured grains in complex patterns. Nor can we find any esoteric teachings in Buddhism. The Buddha's teachings are open to all to study as they wish — even the Vinaya rules.

There is no secret that sexual intercourse via any orifice is an offence of defeat for a bhikkhu, but the Dalai Lama apparently teaches such Tantric practices. Is it not so?
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Re: We need new rules

Postby Bhikkhu Pesala » Thu Oct 31, 2013 11:20 am

Aloka wrote:I don't think its a good idea to publicly say those practices are 'junk' though, because some people take them very seriously and feel they have benefited from them.

Well, the word "junk" was originally used by Alan when starting this thread, so I have replied accordingly, but we could perhaps find a word that is less offensive like "extraneous clutter," or "later accretions."

I think it has to be said unequivocally, because if anyone takes superstitions seriously, it can cause them great harm. If Buddhists want to wear an amulet or holy thread to remind them to observe the five precepts, and if they understand from where the real protection derives, there is no harm in it.

When the British were fighting the Burmese war their soldiers had rifles. The Burmese wore amulets that they believed would protect them from danger. Needless to say, they had no effect, unless perhaps by some fluke a bullet ricocheted off of an amulet.

There are some who get holy thread tied when purchasing a new car. A seat belt or air bag is far more effective. I have sometimes seen Buddhists driving without seat belts or using mobile phones while driving — apparently they believe that having a monk in the car will protect them from danger, or maybe they think their kamma is too good to die young. I always wear my seatbelt — not everyone on the roads is a Buddhist, and Buddhists are not always mindful.
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Re: We need new rules

Postby Dhammanando » Thu Oct 31, 2013 11:28 am

Kusala wrote:Tantra violates the 1st stage of awakening...


I think that to prove your point you will need to show evidence that Tantrists have either attachment to, or misapprehension of, sīla and/or vata. I don't know whether they do or not, but the mere fact that they perform rituals won't suffice to show that they do.

The meal-time anumodanā of Theravādin monks, for example, is a ritual, yet the Buddha himself is reported to have performed it.
    ...and this thought arose in the mind of the Blessed One:
    “Who lives without reverence lives miserably.”
    Uruvela Sutta, A.ii.20

    It were endless to dispute upon everything that is disputable.
    — William Penn Some Fruits of Solitude,
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Re: We need new rules

Postby daverupa » Thu Oct 31, 2013 11:33 am

A difference of opinion from the other DW:

Vajra Armor works!! wrote:Hey everybody..thought I would share. Got into a gnarly motorcycle accident. Car pulled in front of me and I hit it going around 40 mph. No helmet. Got launched through the air and hit the pavement. Knocked me out cold. Ambulance rushed me to the hospital. Long story short although I feel like hammered shit there were no serious injuries. ER Docs couldn't believe I was in one piece and I was able to walk (very slowly) out of the ER. I truly believe it was due to me doing the Vajra Armor 3 day retreat that Rinpoche gave me a while back and making the amulet that I wear all the time. Rinpoche Rocks!! So, if you have the time to do that retreat..do it if you can.


---

I have found that people cling so very tightly to these extraneous bits under discussion. Cleaving it off from the Dhamma can sometimes be rough going because people cherish talking about it in Dhamma/Dharma terms. They will claim a connection to other Buddhas ("I think Buddha Yakoff has cooler stuff that's better for my situation, and since s/he's a Buddha/satva, it's all good, why insist on that one Buddha?"), and with people who think in that way, there is no talking about the historical Buddha and what he taught. They can't hear it.

---

In terms of 'new rules', it's interesting that the much more diaphanous Sarvastivada Vinaya was repeatedly modified to address ongoing issues, and all of it was placed in the Buddha's mouth as a sort of imprimatur. I don't think we need to do that, but I do think that we have the opportunity to build a better superstructure over the original Patimokkha. Every Vinaya we have has already been written down after being treated this way, and I see no reason to privilege the past on this account.

After all, in the Buddha's day it adjusted to the presence of what amounts to a landed Sangha owning parks, as it were, and it shortly had to account for landed monastic structures and community ownership in ways unheard of in an earlier wanderer milieu. I think the spirit of the thing is able to sustain a formal modern shape, but it shouldn't allow for street magic and superstition... petty cash for travel in the modern vinaya may be something that needs to be addressed with discussion. (Some bus tokens have no cash value, neh?)
    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting oneself one protects others? By the pursuit, development, and cultivation of the four establishments of mindfulness. It is in such a way that by protecting oneself one protects others.

    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting others one protects oneself? By patience, harmlessness, goodwill, and sympathy. It is in such a way that by protecting others one protects oneself.
- Sedaka Sutta [SN 47.19]
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Re: We need new rules

Postby Bhikkhu Pesala » Thu Oct 31, 2013 12:03 pm

Travelling without cash is not especially difficult nowadays. I qualify for a free Oyster card so I can travel pretty much anywhere in London on buses, underground, and overground trains outside of the rush hour.

Even without that freedom pass, prepaid travel cards can be purchased by supporters and given or posted to monks. If I need to travel long distances within the UK, my supporter can purchase a train ticket online, and it will be delivered to my door.

Travelling abroad is more difficult, and really needs careful planning or a lay attendant travelling with a bhikkhu. In my younger days I trusted to luck, but I would not like to arrive in Bangkok, Rangoon, or Colombo, let alone any other city, on a flight and trust to luck to find my way from the airport to my intended destination.
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Re: We need new rules

Postby Dan74 » Thu Oct 31, 2013 12:03 pm

Bhikkhu Pesala wrote:
Dan74 wrote:As for your other claims, you have said nothing to substantiate the label 'junk'. I think the onus is on you, Bhante.

You already admitted that it is not the teaching of Sakyamuni, so what more evidence do we need to provide to substantiate that the label "junk" is valid?

Whatever contemporary Buddhist teachers say, if it's their own invention, and cannot be traced in the Dhamma and Vinaya, then one should rightly conclude that it is not the Buddha's teaching.

We can find no basis for reciting "Om Mane Padme Om," or arranging coloured grains in complex patterns. Nor can we find any esoteric teachings in Buddhism. The Buddha's teachings are open to all to study as they wish — even the Vinaya rules.

There is no secret that sexual intercourse via any orifice is an offence of defeat for a bhikkhu, but the Dalai Lama apparently teaches such Tantric practices. Is it not so?


Ven Pesala,

1. I did not ' admit that it is not the teaching of Sakyamuni', I just said I am not claiming that it is. I have no way of knowing, but just to rely on the scholar's opinions. This is a fine point, maybe even pedantic, but I try not to claim what I do not know.

2. Many contemporary teachings both in Theravada and in Mahayana cannot be traced in the Dhamma and Vinaya verbatum, does it mean it is not the Dhamma? Of course this would rule out much of Abhidhamma which was well-accepted for millenia. And what of the criterion “…whatever is well said is a saying of the Blessed One, the Worthy One, the Rightly Self-awakened One” from Uttaravipatti Sutta?

3. How is Om Mani Padme Hum so different to Buddho? How is arranging coloured grains in a mandala contrary to the Dhamma? What is precisely the problem with these practices?

4. Sexual tantra is a very small and very seldom-practiced aspect of this system, but one that gets bandied about as 'proof' that it is adhammic. If sexuality is such a powerful force, it only makes sense that practices evolve to deal with this energy and transform it away from the coarse physical manifestation and revert to its original state. As for the Dalai Lama, he does not teach such tantras as he has not practiced them, being a celibate monk, so you are not well-informed there.

On this subject Alexander Berzin (from the link above) says:

As mentioned above, part of the exercises in tantric practice are involving controlling and transforming bodily energies. Sexual energy happens to be one of the strongest forms of physical energy; simply said, it is built-in by nature to ensure the survival of the species. Also these sexual energies need to be completely controlled and transformed. What is usually overlooked is that sexual practices in tantra should be free from the ordinary desires and lust, and only very advanced practitioners should try these practices after permission from their teachers. Simply said, it has very little to do with ordinary sex. Arousal of the sexual energy is preferably done by just visualising a consort.
The union of male and female are symbolic for the union of compassion and wisdom, or more specific in tantra, the union of bliss and emptiness.


5. Dave, this was a pretty funny post both in style and substance but lets be mature and not take it as representative. Anyone can post on these fora.

Edit: I am sorry about my part in taking this thread off topic, especially to members who resent Mahayana intrusions as it were. So I will withdraw. People can find the relevant information readily enough. For the record, I have the highest respect for Ven Pesala and many of his contributions here but clearly on this topic we disagree.
_/|\_
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Re: We need new rules

Postby santa100 » Thu Oct 31, 2013 3:47 pm

Had there been a Dhamma octagon cage like in the UFC Mixed Martial Arts, there'd be a lot fewer folks willing to bash the others' school for being "un-authentic". They'd be a lot more cautious for they know fully well they'll have to prove it inside the cage and there's a good chance they either won't walk out alive or they'll walk funny for the rest of their life. The stuff comes closest to a Dhamma octagon is AN 8.53 and that's what we should use to "walk the walk", not just "talk the talk"..
"As for the qualities of which you may know, 'These qualities lead to dispassion, not to passion; to being unfettered, not to being fettered; to shedding, not to accumulating; to modesty, not to self-aggrandizement; to contentment, not to discontent; to seclusion, not to entanglement; to aroused persistence, not to laziness; to being unburdensome, not to being burdensome': You may categorically hold, 'This is the Dhamma, this is the Vinaya, this is the Teacher's instruction.'" ~~ http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka ... .than.html ~~
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Re: We need new rules

Postby kirk5a » Thu Oct 31, 2013 3:51 pm

Can somebody please get rid of all my junk?
"When one thing is practiced & pursued, ignorance is abandoned, clear knowing arises, the conceit 'I am' is abandoned, latent tendencies are uprooted, fetters are abandoned. Which one thing? Mindfulness immersed in the body." -AN 1.230
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Re: We need new rules

Postby tiltbillings » Thu Oct 31, 2013 5:17 pm

kirk5a wrote:Can somebody please get rid of all my junk?
That is a job you have to do yourself.
This being is bound to samsara, kamma is his means for going beyond.
SN I, 38.

Ar scáth a chéile a mhaireas na daoine.
People live in one another’s shelter.

"We eat cold eels and think distant thoughts." -- Jack Johnson
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Re: We need new rules

Postby SDC » Thu Oct 31, 2013 5:21 pm

kirk5a wrote:Can somebody please get rid of all my junk?


Sell it on ebay. People will buy anything. Mental defilements are so hot right now.
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Re: We need new rules

Postby arijitmitter » Thu Oct 31, 2013 5:34 pm

Alan, you made me feel better with your support in another thread. But there is a deeper issue at stake and one which both you and I have missed.

Let alone any religion - are there new rules allowed in baseball, basketball, boxing ? It is what it is. That is why it is called rules. Those who did not like soccer started to play rugby. You cannot change rules of soccer to play rugby. You need a whole new ball game.

In fact it is perhaps slightly inconsiderate of those of us who have asked for change - big or small. The religion is what it is. We decided to accept it warts and all. Now one cannot complain. If there is complaint then such a person is free to leave the tradition (not only Theravada, I am speaking of all forms of tradition in all of human activity).

Do reformation movements actually succeed in changing the original order ? What has the Protestant movement been able to change in Catholicism. Those who did not like Catholicism moved over to being a Protestant. Those who did not like organized church moved over to evangelical outfits.

So if I am logical - I will not demand that rules of Dana change. I will become a part of Buddhism with no Dana, no Bhante, no arahant and perhaps no Nibbana also since I have decided to use only that part of Buddha's teachings that relate to here and now, and not a future life. If I accept Nibbana as a goal, I do not enjoy the journey. Maybe there is Nibbana, maybe not .. can anyone say for certain ? Let me enjoy the journey, and maybe 20,000 years later I will be enlightened (or not).

Now before I get my usual share of mocking retorts there is such a free thought school which stresses only on using Buddhism for making change in here and now and not consider those aspects which cannot be proven or do not appeal to a rational mind like Nibbana or rebirth (this being a Theravada Forum and the administrators being kind enough to let me write here, I will not break their trust by publicizing another "sect")

Alan you can be what you want to be. But you cannot expect chess players to allow for two queens to make it a fierce and bloody battle just because you want the game to be exciting. You can invent your own version of the game, invite friends to play it and see how it goes. Card games developed in this way. But Fischer Random chess attributed to the genius player Bobby Fischer (to break the habit of memorizing openings and counter moves) did not gain much currency.

Such Buddhist organizations though nascent do exist, that make for a full 21st century interpretation of Buddhism. Why not give it a try and see if it fits.

Look at it this way John Kabat Zinn reinvented mindfulness for a secular audience. He did that without commenting about existing methods of mindfulness. That buddy is the crux.

It is not about fighting the system from the inside, it is about creating a whole new system (if you want). Maybe that system will have only one follower - you. But you will have achieved all that you wanted.

In the meantime draw succour from Robert Frost

"Two roads diverged in a yellow wood
and sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveller, long I stood
and looked down one as far as I could
to where it bent in the undergrowth;

Then took the other, as just as fair,
and having perhaps the better claim
because it was grassy and wanted wear
...
I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I --
I took the one less travelled by,
and that has made all the difference"

Take the road less travelled if you so wish

Mull it over buddy,

Regards,
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Re: We need new rules

Postby Modus.Ponens » Thu Oct 31, 2013 8:24 pm

santa100 wrote:Had there been a Dhamma octagon cage like in the UFC Mixed Martial Arts, there'd be a lot fewer folks willing to bash the others' school for being "un-authentic". They'd be a lot more cautious for they know fully well they'll have to prove it inside the cage and there's a good chance they either won't walk out alive or they'll walk funny for the rest of their life. The stuff comes closest to a Dhamma octagon is AN 8.53 and that's what we should use to "walk the walk", not just "talk the talk"..
"As for the qualities of which you may know, 'These qualities lead to dispassion, not to passion; to being unfettered, not to being fettered; to shedding, not to accumulating; to modesty, not to self-aggrandizement; to contentment, not to discontent; to seclusion, not to entanglement; to aroused persistence, not to laziness; to being unburdensome, not to being burdensome': You may categorically hold, 'This is the Dhamma, this is the Vinaya, this is the Teacher's instruction.'" ~~ http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka ... .than.html ~~


"On the left corner, weighing 120 lb, Padmasambhavaaaaa!!! On the right corner, weighing 110 lb, The General of the Dhamma, Venrable Sariputaaaaaaa!!!"

"_ Oh this is going to be a wonderful match tonight!
_ You bet, John. Padmasambhava is already 800 years old, but he still has it in him."
And the Blessed One addressed the bhikkhus, saying: "Behold now, bhikkhus, I exhort you: All compounded things are subject to vanish. Strive with earnestness!"
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Re: We need new rules

Postby daverupa » Thu Oct 31, 2013 8:58 pm

:soap:

I'm always fascinated by how AN 8.53 is oft-cited in these sorts of contexts, while SN 20.7 languishes in a corner.

Is this a contradiction? Is it worth a thread?
    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting oneself one protects others? By the pursuit, development, and cultivation of the four establishments of mindfulness. It is in such a way that by protecting oneself one protects others.

    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting others one protects oneself? By patience, harmlessness, goodwill, and sympathy. It is in such a way that by protecting others one protects oneself.
- Sedaka Sutta [SN 47.19]
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Re: We need new rules

Postby santa100 » Thu Oct 31, 2013 9:43 pm

I don't see any contradiction between AN 8.53 and SN 20.7. They both emphasize measurable and concrete metrics instead of mere talks. Footnote from SN 20.7:
The Commentary notes that the drum originally could be heard for twelve leagues, but in its final condition couldn't be heard even from behind a curtain.


Back to the UFC match. It'd be interesting to see a fighter "ground and pound" the schnitzel out of the other guy while all that the other guy could do is crying: "please stop, that move is un-authentic!"... :rofl:
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Re: We need new rules

Postby manas » Fri Nov 01, 2013 1:04 am

Bhikkhu Pesala wrote:
Dan74 wrote:As for your other claims, you have said nothing to substantiate the label 'junk'. I think the onus is on you, Bhante.

You already admitted that it is not the teaching of Sakyamuni, so what more evidence do we need to provide to substantiate that the label "junk" is valid?

Whatever contemporary Buddhist teachers say, if it's their own invention, and cannot be traced in the Dhamma and Vinaya, then one should rightly conclude that it is not the Buddha's teaching.

We can find no basis for reciting "Om Mane Padme Om," or arranging coloured grains in complex patterns. Nor can we find any esoteric teachings in Buddhism. The Buddha's teachings are open to all to study as they wish — even the Vinaya rules.

There is no secret that sexual intercourse via any orifice is an offence of defeat for a bhikkhu, but the Dalai Lama apparently teaches such Tantric practices. Is it not so?


Bhante, that is all well and good, but I suspect that issue has been taken with describing some practices, such as creating sand mandalas or chanting 'Om Mani Padme Hum', that happen to be dear to some members in our sister Forum 'Dharma Wheel', and possibly also dear to a few who visit this place, as 'junk'. (A quick aside, I am not a Tibetan Buddhist but I once experienced some quite profound spiritual emotion whilst chanting that mantra, and as I understand it the meaning is quite noble, and so at the very least it's a good thing, even if the Buddha did not originally teach it...?) I suspect that this might not be in keeping with the TOS (putting down another religion (as has already been pointed out), in fact some would argue the same religion as ours in essence, ie Tibetan Buddhism). I say this with respect, and in the spirit of friendliness,

kind regards
manas
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Re: We need new rules

Postby tiltbillings » Fri Nov 01, 2013 1:15 am

Enough "junk" has been spread through this thread. Any further "junk" will be removed.
This being is bound to samsara, kamma is his means for going beyond.
SN I, 38.

Ar scáth a chéile a mhaireas na daoine.
People live in one another’s shelter.

"We eat cold eels and think distant thoughts." -- Jack Johnson
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Re: We need new rules

Postby retrofuturist » Fri Nov 01, 2013 3:07 am

[ 3 posts removed ]

Come on guys, Tilt wasn't kidding around...

:focus:

Metta,
Retro. :)
If you have asked me of the origination of unease, then I shall explain it to you in accordance with my understanding:
Whatever various forms of unease there are in the world, They originate founded in encumbering accumulation. (Pārāyanavagga)


Exalted in mind, just open and clearly aware, the recluse trained in the ways of the sages:
One who is such, calmed and ever mindful, He has no sorrows! -- Udana IV, 7


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Re: We need new rules

Postby Dhammanando » Fri Nov 01, 2013 9:18 am

alan wrote:We need to take a fresh look at how to go about things, friends. Let's start with getting rid of all the accumulated junk.


    “Your [Jacobin] literary men, and your politicians ... essentially differ in these points. They have no respect for the wisdom of others; but they pay it off by a very full measure of confidence in their own. With them it is a sufficient motive to destroy an old scheme of things, because it is an old one. As to the new, they are in no sort of fear with regard to the duration of a building run up in haste; because duration is no object to those who think little or nothing has been done before their time, and who place all their hopes in discovery. They conceive, very systematically, that all things which give perpetuity are mischievous, and therefore they are at inexpiable war with all establishments.”
    — Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France


    Non-Decline

    Thus have I heard. On one occasion the Blessed One was dwelling at Rājagaha on Mount Vulture Peak. There the Blessed One addressed the bhikkhus:

    “Bhikkhus, I will teach you seven principles of non-decline. Listen and attend closely. I will speak.”

    “Yes, Bhante,” those bhikkhus replied. The Blessed One said this:

    “And what, bhikkhus, are the seven principles of non-decline?

    (1) “As long as the bhikkhus assemble often and hold frequent assemblies, only growth is to be expected for them, not decline.

    (2) “As long as the bhikkhus assemble in harmony, adjourn in harmony, and conduct the affairs of the Saṅgha in harmony, only growth is to be expected for them, not decline.

    (3) “As long as the bhikkhus do not decree anything that has not been decreed or abolish anything that has already been decreed, but undertake and follow the training rules as they have been decreed, only growth is to be expected for them, not decline.

    (4) “As long as the bhikkhus honor, respect, esteem, and venerate those bhikkhus who are elders, of long standing, long gone forth, fathers and guides of the Saṅgha, and think they should be heeded, only growth is to be expected for them, not decline.

    (5) “As long as the bhikkhus do not come under the control of arisen craving that leads to renewed existence, only growth is to be expected for them, not decline.

    (6) “As long as the bhikkhus are intent on forest lodgings, only growth is to be expected for them, not decline.

    (7) “As long as the bhikkhus each individually establish mindfulness [with the intention]: ‘How can well-behaved fellow monks who have not yet come here come, and how can well-behaved fellow monks who are already here dwell at ease?’ only growth is to be expected for them, not decline.

    “Bhikkhus, as long as these seven principles of non-decline continue among the bhikkhus, and the bhikkhus are seen [established] in them, only growth is to be expected for them, not decline.”

    (A. iv. 21-2, Bhikkhu Bodhi tr.)

In point #3 “what has been decreed” (paññattaṃ) refers to Vinaya ordinances of every sort, whether prohibitions, allowances or procedural regulations.
    ...and this thought arose in the mind of the Blessed One:
    “Who lives without reverence lives miserably.”
    Uruvela Sutta, A.ii.20

    It were endless to dispute upon everything that is disputable.
    — William Penn Some Fruits of Solitude,
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