Kim O'Hara wrote:
This is not necessarily wrong, Silentone, but could mislead some folk.
It has been known for quite a while that humans entered the Americas via Siberia and spread from North to South, so genetic commonalities between Asians and Native Americans are greater than between (e.g.) Europeans and Native Americans.
But this all happened long
before the Buddha's time. I've forgotten the dates, but 30 000 years ago is a good ballpark figure.
Thank you for pointing that out Kim, I don't want to be misleading. IT was before the Buddhas time... but not so much as 30,000... You are right the first migration was actually right at 30,000 but a second massive wave of migrations occurred just 5,000 years ago. Although I think those are considered, from the genetic evidence the times of "maximum" influx...these represented MASS migrations of genetics and large changes to the populations. I could be wrong, but I think there is still some evidence of a "trickle" of individuals in between these dates. If you look at a lot of the graphs it would appear that way.
For some neat graphs on the timing of the two migrationshttp://www.andaman.org/BOOK/chapter54/C ... 4intro.htm
I remember about 2 or 3 years ago there was a really cool discovery channel episode on some new possible DNA found in south america, and a group of people whose culture and architecture perfectly mimicked some japanese groups.... I can't find it though.
The title was something along the lines of "Were the spanish the first to reach the Americas" ...
I really find this kind of research fascinating. First of all it does confirm suspicions about comparisons between some ancient Japanese cultures and some American cultures, and second of all it really wasn't that far back in the past. There are such interesting patterns of genetic influx so many proposed routes. It really makes you realise, no group of people on the planet has ever been "an island unto themselves" ... were all connected.
I do doubt seriously the Buddha (or Nagarjuna) himself came to the new world, but is it certainly possible one of his followers did prior to columbus ... its certainly something people had a history of doing ... its probably not something anybody will ever have definitive proof of
**this page has kind of different take on it, http://www.manataka.org/page410.html