Abhidhamma Study: Lokuttara Cittas
[Presented by Dr.Tep Sastri@SD/JTN/Mult]
Recently, I re-studied the term 'lokuttara' in some online articles and a dhamma talk by respectable authors and a Forest-monk teacher. And I thought it might benefit some interested members to read the material that I had used in the study.
The material comes from the following sources:
1. Satipatthana Vipassana by Venerable Mahasi Sayadaw
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/auth ... el370.html
2. The Abhidhamma in Practice by N.K.G. Mendis
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/auth ... html#citta
3. The Five Mental Hindrances and Their Conquest, by Nyanaponika Thera
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/auth ... el026.html
4. The Craft of the Heart by Ajaan Lee Dhammadharo
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/thai ... .html#p1-0
Today's presentation is taken from Reference 1.
There are two forms of wisdom: mundane and supramundane. Nowadays, knowledge of
literature, art, science, or other worldly affairs is usually regarded as a kind
of wisdom, but this form of wisdom has nothing to do with any kind of mental
development (bhavana). Nor can it be regarded as of real merit, because many
weapons of destruction are invented through these kinds of knowledge, which are
always under the influence of attachment, aversion, and other evil motives. The
real spirit of mundane wisdom, on the other hand, has only merits and no
demerits of any kind. True mundane wisdom includes the knowledge used in welfare
and relief work, which causes no harm; learning to acquire the knowledge of the
true meaning or sense of the scriptures; and the three classes of knowledge of
development for insight (vipassana-bhavana), such as knowledge born of learning
(sutamaya-pañña), knowledge born of reflection (cintamaya-pañña), and wisdom
born of meditative development (bhavanamaya-pañña). The virtue of possessing
mundane wisdom will lead to a happy life in higher states of existence, but it
still cannot prevent the risk of being reborn in hell or in other states of
miserable existence. Only the development of supramundane wisdom
(lokuttara-pañña) can decidedly remove this risk.
Supramundane wisdom is the wisdom of the path and fruit. To develop this wisdom
it is necessary to carry on the practice of insight meditation(vipassana-bhavana) out of
the three disciplines of morality, concentration, and wisdom.
lokiya: 'mundane', are all those states of consciousness and mental factors -
arising in the worldling, as well as in the Noble One - which are not associated
with the supermundane (lokuttara; s. the foll.) paths and fruitions of
sotápatti, etc. See ariyapuggala.
lokuttara: 'supermundane', is a term for the 4 paths and 4 fruitions of
sotápatti, etc. (s. ariya-puggala), with Nibbána as ninth. Hence one speaks of
'9 supermundane things' (nava-lokuttara-dhamma).
Love Buddha's dhamma,