Abhidhamma View : Support & Nutriment Conditions
[Presented by Dr.Tep Sastri @ SariputtaDhamma/JTN/Mult]CMA VIII, p. 318-319:The support condition is threefold
: consciousness and mental factors are a condition for one another and conascent material phenomena; the four great essentials for one another and derived material phenomena; and the six bases for the seven consciousness elements.Support condition
is a condition where the conditioning state causes the conditioned states to arise by serving as the support or foundation on which they depend
. The conditioning state is said to be related to the conditioned states similar to the way the earth supports trees and vegetation or a canvas supports a painting.
Two main categories of support condition are recognized: (i) the prenascent support (purejaata-nissaya
). Conascence support condition is identical in all respects with the conascence condition. Prenascence support condition includes two subsidiary types. One is simple base-prenascence support (vatthu-purejaata-nissaya
), which is identical with base prenascence, discussed under the prenascence condition. The other is called base-object-prenascence support(vatthuaaramma.na-purejaata-nissaya
). This refers to the special case when a citta arises supported the heart-base and at the same time makes that heart-base its object. Thus on such an occasion the heart-base is simultaneously a support and an object for a single citta. Referring to his condition, the Pa.t.thaana states: "One contemplates with insight that internal base is impermanent, suffering, non-self; one enjoys it and delights in it; making it an object, lust arises, wrong view arises, doubt arises, restlessness arises, displeasure arises."The nutriment is twofold
: edible food is a condition for this body; and immaterial nutriment, for the conascent mind-and-matter.Nutriment condition
is a condition where the conditioning state relates to the conditioned states by producing them, maintaining them in existence, and supporting their growth and development.
This compared to a prop which supports an old house and prevents it from collapsing. Thus the essential function of nutriment is supporting or reinforcing (upatthambana
The nutriment condition is twofold: (i) material nutriment (ruupaahaara
) and mental nutriment (naamaahaara
).(i) Material nutriment is the nutritive essence found in edible food, which is a conditioning state for this physical body. When food is ingested its nutritive essence produces new matter born of nutriment, and it also reinforces the material group born of all four causes, keeping them strong and fresh so that they can continue to arise in succession. The internal nutriment contained in the material groups born of all four causes also serves as a condition by reinforcing the internal material phenomena coexisting with it in its own group and the material phenomena in the other groups situated in the body.(ii) mental nutriment is threefold: the nutriment contact, mental volition, and consciousness. These are conditions for the conascent mental and material phenomena.
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