Discussion of Abhidhamma and related Commentaries
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Abhidhamma View : Synthesis of Conditions
[Presented by Dr.Tep Sastri @ SariputtaDhamma/JTN/Mult]This presentation is the last under the topic of Conditional Relations (Pa.t.thaanaya).CMA VIII, p. 322-324:All conditions are included in the conditions of object, decisive support, kamma, and presence
. Herein, in all cases conascent material phenomena should be understood as twofold: throughout the course of existence they should be understood as those born of consciousness, and at rebirth-linking, as those born of kamma.The way in which all conditions are included in these four conditions is explained by Ledi Sayadaw in his commentary as follows: The predominant condition being twofold, object predominance is always comprised by the object and decisive support conditions, and sometimes by the presence condition as well; while conascence predominance is comprised by the presence condition.The main types of support condition --conascence support and base-prenascence support-- both come within the scope of the presence condition. The special cae of base-object-prenascence support, in which the heart-base becomes an object of the same mind-door cittas it supports as a base, is included in both object and presence conditions, and in decisive support as well if the heart-base is given special importance as object.Of the two main types of prenascence condition, base prenascence is included in presence condition while object prenascence is included in both object and presence and possibly in decisive support too.
Of the two types of kamma condition, conascent kamma is included in presence condition, while asynchronous kamma is included in kamma condition and, if strong, in decisive support as well.Dissociation condition is included in presence condition, but if the heart-base becomes simultaneously base and object, it is included in presence, object, and possibly in decisive support.Of the remaining conditions, the following eleven are always included with in presence condition: root, conascence, mutuality, resultant, nutriment, faculty, jhaana, path, association, non-disappearance, and post-nascence. The following five are always included decisive support condition: proximity, contiguity, repetition, absence, and disappearance.
The manner in which the various conditions are subsumed under the main types of conditions is shown below (Table 8.4 in the CMA book). The Synthesis Conditions
Object: object predominance; base-object-prenascence support; object prenascence; dissociation*.
Decisive Support: object predominance; base-object-prenascence support*; object prenascence*; aynchronous kamma*; dissociation*; proximity; contiguity; repetition; absence; disappearance.
Kamma: aynchronous kamma.
Presence: object predominance*; conascence predominance*; conascence support; base-prenascence support; base-object-prenascence support; base prenascence; object prenascence; conascent kamma; dissociation; root; conascence; mutuality; result; nutriment; faculty; jhaana; path; association; non-disappearance; postnascence. [* denotes "sometimes only".]Summary: Thus the things pertaining to the three periods of tme and timeless, internal and external, conditioned and unconditioned, are threefold by way of concept, mind, and matter. In all, the conditions in the scheme of conditional relations are twenty-four.
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