Upagupta: The Buddhist Monk

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Upagupta: The Buddhist Monk

Postby Kusala » Tue Aug 16, 2011 9:34 am

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Homage to the Buddha
Thus indeed, is that Blessed One: He is the Holy One, fully enlightened, endowed with clear vision and virtuous conduct, sublime, the Knower of the worlds, the incomparable leader of men to be tamed, the teacher of gods and men, enlightened and blessed.

Homage to the Teachings
The Dhamma of the Blessed One is perfectly expounded; to be seen here and now; not delayed in
time; inviting one to come and see; onward leading (to Nibbana); to be known by the wise, each for himself.
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Re: Upagupta: The Buddhist Monk

Postby gavesako » Tue Aug 16, 2011 6:17 pm

Upagupta, the Fourth Buddhist Patriarch, and High priest of Acoka

L.A.Waddell, LL.D.

http://ccbs.ntu.edu.tw/FULLTEXT/JR-JASB/waddell.htm


The legend and cult of Upagupta:
Sanskrit Buddhism in north India and Southeast Asia
John S. Strong

The Buddhist monk Upagupta, who preached and taught meditative practices in Northwest India over two thousand years ago, is venerated today by the laity in parts of Burma, Thailand, and laos as a proctective figure endowed with magical powers. The author demonstrates a remarkable continuity among traditions focused on Upagupta in ancient Sarvastivadin Sanskrit materials, key Pali texts, medieval Thai and Burmese texts, and rituals in Southeast Asia. In so doing he reflects the orientation of popular Sanskrit Hinayana Buddhism, which allows for new perspectives on such classic questions as the nature of enlightnment, the evil, the worship of the Buddha image, the veneration of saints, master-disciple relationships, the treatment of heterodoxy, and the relation of myth and ritual.

http://books.google.com/books?id=bKq7k2 ... &q&f=false
Bhikkhu Gavesako
Kiṃkusalagavesī anuttaraṃ santivarapadaṃ pariyesamāno... (MN 26)

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Re: Upagupta: The Buddhist Monk

Postby gavesako » Tue Oct 11, 2011 5:04 pm

Upakhut – saint and spirit

http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/newmandal ... nd-spirit/


This is the Upagupta gatha (chant in Pali, in Thai script) which is traditionally recited at the end of the rainy reason (Vassa):

ร่วมสวดพระคาถาบูชาพระอุปคุต เพื่อแคล้วคลาดจากภัยพิบัติทั้งปวง
สวดบูชาพระรัตนตรั...ย อะระหัง สัมมาฯ และตั้งนะโม 3 จบ ตามด้วยบทบูชานี้

พระอุปคุตโต จะ มหาเถโร สัมพุทเธนะ วิยากะโต
มารัญจะ มาระพะลัญจะ โส อิทานิ มะหาเถโร
นมัสสิตตะวา ปะติฏฐิโต อะหัง วันทามิ อิทาเนวะ
อุปคุตตัง จะ มหาเถรัง ยัง ยัง อุปัททะวัง ชาตัง
วิธัง เสติ อะเสสะโต มหาลาภัง ภะวันตุ เม ฯ
Bhikkhu Gavesako
Kiṃkusalagavesī anuttaraṃ santivarapadaṃ pariyesamāno... (MN 26)

ajahnchah.org - Teachings of Ajahn Chah in many languages
Dhammatube - Videos on Buddhist practice
Ancient Buddhist Texts - Translations and history of Pali texts
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Re: Upagupta: The Buddhist Monk

Postby gavesako » Wed Oct 12, 2011 9:56 am

It seems in Burma they identify Upagutta with Moggaliputta Tissa, the head of the Third Council. However, P.A. Payutto mentions a monk called Indagutta who was appointed to construct buildings after the Third Council, and he thinks that his name simply got confused over time.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shin_Upagutta
Bhikkhu Gavesako
Kiṃkusalagavesī anuttaraṃ santivarapadaṃ pariyesamāno... (MN 26)

ajahnchah.org - Teachings of Ajahn Chah in many languages
Dhammatube - Videos on Buddhist practice
Ancient Buddhist Texts - Translations and history of Pali texts
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Re: Upagupta: The Buddhist Monk

Postby plwk » Thu Oct 13, 2011 1:37 am

This thread reminds me of my past visit to that beautiful Burmese Dhammikarama temple in Penang which has a side shrine to honor the Arahant Upagutta/Upagupta. I was told that the locals here believe it to be extremely efficacious in answering votive petitions and spiritually 'potent'...
See: this & this
Bhikkhus, if you develop and make much this one thing,
it invariably leads to weariness, cessation, appeasement, realization and extinction.
What is it? It is recollecting the Enlightened One.
If this single thing is recollected and made much,
it invariably leads to weariness, cessation, appeasement, realization and extinction.

Anguttara-Nikaya: Ekanipata: Ekadhammapali: Pañhamavagga
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Re: Upagupta: The Buddhist Monk

Postby gavesako » Thu Oct 13, 2011 7:40 am

Last night was the final day of the Vassa called Pavarana, and it was a full moon which fell on a Wednesday. In northern Thailand (and in Burma) there is a tradition connected to the cult of Upagutta: He is expected to come out on almsround (pindapata) just after midnight, so people and monks come out to give and receive offerings in the middle of the night! If somebody manages to offer something to the real Upagutta, they are expected to become very successful in whatever they are planning to do.
Bhikkhu Gavesako
Kiṃkusalagavesī anuttaraṃ santivarapadaṃ pariyesamāno... (MN 26)

ajahnchah.org - Teachings of Ajahn Chah in many languages
Dhammatube - Videos on Buddhist practice
Ancient Buddhist Texts - Translations and history of Pali texts
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Re: Upagupta: The Buddhist Monk

Postby Ricardo da Silva » Tue Mar 13, 2012 7:13 am

In Burma, the cult of Upagutta is strong and traditional. Many Burmese Buddhists accept Upagutta as an arahant and they venerate Him and Sivali. There are plenty of shrines and statues of Sivali and Upagutta in Burma.

Sivali was an Arahant at the time of Buddha. But Upagutta was a controversial person. Some (including Buddhist monks) believe that Upagutta actually did not exist and he may be a fictional character.

For me, I do not practice devotion to Upagutta and Sivali. I simply believe in Buddhism according to Tipitaka Scriptures.

:anjali: :buddha1:
If a man does evil, he should not do it again and again; he should not take delight in it; the accumulation of evil leads to suffering. (Dhammapada 117)

If a man does what is good, he should do it again and again; he should take delight in it; the accumulation of good leads to happiness. (Dhammapada 118)
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