Nine Things An Arahant Cannot Do

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Nine Things An Arahant Cannot Do

Postby yawares » Mon Oct 15, 2012 9:41 pm

Dear members who love Pali,
This beautiful Uposatha Day I proudly present " 9 Things An Arahant Cannot Do" :anjali:

*****************
:candle: Nine Things An Arahant Cannot Do :candle:
[Presented by Dr.Han Tun, MD @ sariputtadhamma/JTN/Triplegem/DSG]

In AN 3.87. Pa.thama-sikkhaa Sutta the Buddha says:
"Then, monks, a monk here is one fully accomplished in virtue, concentration and
wisdom. He infringes some of the lesser and minor training rules and
rehabilitates himself. Why is that? Because, monks, this is not said to be
impossible for him. But as to those training rules that are fundamental to the
holy life, in conformity with the holy life, in these his virtue is stable and
steady, and he trains himself in the training rules he has undertaken. With the
destruction of taints, in this very life he enters and dwells in the taintless
liberation of mind, liberation by wisdom, having realized it for himself by
direct knowledge."

Han: It shows that even an arahant is capable of infringements of some of the
lesser and minor training rules (without intention of doing so). But an arahant
is utterly incapable of transgression in regard to nine things. What nine
things?

Please see the following sutta:

---------------

AN 9.7 Sutavaa Sutta [Excerpt]
translated from the Pali by Ven Bhikkhu Bodhi

"In the past, Sutavaa, and also now, I declare that a monk who is an arahant --
one with the taints destroyed, who has lived the holy life, done his task, laid
down the burden, attained his own goal, destroyed the fetters of becoming and
become liberated by final knowledge -- is incapable of transgression in regard
to nine things:

[1] "he is incapable of destroying life,
[1] "abhabbo khii.naasavo bhikkhu sa~ncicca paa.na.m jiivitaa voropetu.m,

[2] "he is incapable of committing theft,
[2] "abhabbo khii.naasavo bhikkhu adinna.m theyyasa"nkhaata.m aadaatu.m,

[3] "he is incapable of engaging in the sexual act,
[3] "abhabbo khii.naasavo bhikkhu methuna.m dhamma.m pa.tisevitu.m,

[4] "he is incapable of telling a deliberate lie,
[4] "abhabbo khii.naasavo bhikkhu sampajaanamusaa bhaasitu.m,

[5] "he is incapable of making use of stored up enjoyments as he did in the past
when he was a householder,
[5] "abhabbo khii.naasavo bhikkhu sannidhikaaraka.m kaame paribhu~njitu.m
seyyathaapi pubbe agaariyabhuuto,

[6] "he is incapable of taking a wrong course of action on account of desire,
[6] "abhabbo khii.naasavo bhikkhu chandaagati.m gantu.m,

[7] "he is incapable of taking a wrong course of action on account of hatred,
[7] "abhabbo khii.naasavo bhikkhu dosaagati.m gantu.m,

[8] "he is incapable of taking a wrong course of action on account of delusion,
[8] "abhabbo khii.naasavo bhikkhu mohaagati.m gantu.m,

[9] "he is incapable of taking a wrong course of action on account of fear.
[9] "abhabbo khii.naasavo bhikkhu bhayaagati.m gantu.m.

"In the past, Sutavaa, and also now I declare that a monk who is an arahant is
incapable of transgression in regard to these nine things."

---------------

Han: The last four items [chanda-agati, dosa-agati, moha-agati, bhaya-agati],
the four "agati", are important also for the lay persons.

I still remember our (Burmese) Elders giving advice to newly appointed
government officials, not to be biased by these "agati" in the discharge of
their duties. It is particularly important for those who have the
decision-making authority, so that they would not make wrong decisions biased by
desire, or hatred, or delusion, or fear.

**************
:heart: Love Buddha's dhamma,
yawares/sirikanya :heart:
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