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right effort EXACTLY the same as 4 right exertions? - Dhamma Wheel

right effort EXACTLY the same as 4 right exertions?

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frank k
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right effort EXACTLY the same as 4 right exertions?

Postby frank k » Wed Mar 20, 2013 3:17 pm

I'm wondering if there are suttas that explain the 4 aspects of right effort, sammāvāyāmo, in more detail. does this sutta suffice? Or are there slight differences between the 4 right exertions in 37 bodhipakkiya and the 4 aspects of sammāvāyāmo?
What makes me wonder is that for the 4th exertion, doing contemplation of corpses is not really the first thing that would come to my mind if given the general instruction (of right effort) to maintain wholesome qualities that have arisen. So I'm wondering if there are other suttas that explain sammāvāyāmo using different examples than the specific kusala and akusala themes used in this sutta.


saṃvarasuttaṃ n (AN 4.14)

♦ 14. “cattārimāni, bhikkhave, padhānāni. katamāni cattāri? saṃvarappadhānaṃ, pahānappadhānaṃ, bhāvanāppadhānaṃ, anurakkhaṇāppadhānaṃ. katamañca, bhikkhave, saṃvarappadhānaṃ? idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī. yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhādomanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ, cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. sotena saddaṃ sutvā... ghānena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā... jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā... kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā... manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī, yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhādomanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati manindriyaṃ, manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, saṃvarappadhānaṃ.

♦ “katamañca, bhikkhave, pahānappadhānaṃ? idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu uppannaṃ kāmavitakkaṃ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti byantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti; uppannaṃ byāpādavitakkaṃ ... pe ... uppannaṃ vihiṃsāvitakkaṃ ... pe ... uppannuppanne pāpake akusale dhamme nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti byantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, pahānappadhānaṃ.

(from dpr, cst4)
♦ “katamañca, bhikkhave, bhāvanāppadhānaṃ? idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu satisambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodhanissitaṃ vossaggapariṇāmiṃ, dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti... vīriyasambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti... pītisambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti... passaddhisambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti... samādhisambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti... upekkhāsambojjhaṅgaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodhanissitaṃ vossaggapariṇāmiṃ. idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, bhāvanāppadhānaṃ.

♦ “katamañca, bhikkhave, anurakkhaṇāppadhānaṃ? idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu uppannaṃ bhaddakaṃ samādhinimittaṃ anurakkhati aṭṭhikasaññaṃ puḷavakasaññaṃ vinīlakasaññaṃ vicchiddakasaññaṃ uddhumātakasaññaṃ. idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, anurakkhaṇāppadhānaṃ. imāni kho, bhikkhave, cattāri padhānānī”ti.

♦ “saṃvaro ca pahānañca, bhāvanā anurakkhaṇā.

♦ ete padhānā cattāro, desitādiccabandhunā.

♦ yehi bhikkhu idhātāpī, khayaṃ dukkhassa pāpuṇe”ti. catutthaṃ.

english from http://www.metta.lk/tipitaka/2Sutta-Pit ... ggo-e.html
002.04. Bhikkhus, these four are the endeavours. What four?

Endeavour, to restrain, to dispel, to develop and the endeavour to protect.

Bhikkhus, what is the endeavour to restrain?

Here, bhikkhus, the bhikkhu seeing a form does not take the sign or the detail. If abiding with the faculty of the eye uncontrolled, there would be a leaking of evil demeritorious thoughts of covetousness and displeasure, he falls to the method of protecting the faculty of the eye. Hearing a sound, ... re ... smelling a scent ... re ... ñasting, ... re ... cognizing a touch or cognizing an idea, does not take the sign or the detail. If abiding with the faculty of the mind uncontrolled, there would be a leaking of evil demeritorious thoughts of covetousness and displeasure, he falls to the method of protecting the faculty of the mind.

Bhikkhus, this is the endeavour to restrain.

Bhikkhus, what is the endeavour to dispel?

Here, bhikkhus, the bhikkhu does not endure, dispels, removes and destroys arisen sensual desires, makes them not arise again. The bhikkhu does not endure, dispels, removes and destroys arisen, hateful thoughts, ... re ... hurting thoughts and whatever arisen ... re ... demeritorious thoughts, makes them not arise again.

Bhikkhus, this is the endeavour to dispel.

Bhikkhus, what is the endeavour to develop?

Here, bhikkhus, the bhikkhu develops the enlightenment factor mindfulness rooted in seclusion, rooted in purifying, rooted in cessation, until mature to surrenderòhe bhikkhu develops the enlightenment factor investigation of the Teaching, ... re ... the enlightenment factor effort, ... re ... the enlightenment factor joy, ... re ... the enlightenment factor delight, ... re ... the enlightenment factor concentration, ... re ... and the enlightenment factor equanimity rooted in seclusion, rooted in purifying, rooted in cessation, until mature to surrender.

Bhikkhus, this is the endeavour to develop.

Bhikkhus, what is the endeavour to protect?

Here, bhikkhus, the bhikkhu protects the arisen good sign of concentration, the sign of bones, the sign of, the worm infested corpse, the corpse turned blue, the festering corpse, the corpse with little holes all over, the bloated corpse.

Bhikkhus, this is the endeavour to protect.

Restraining, dispelling, developing and protecting,
Are the four endeavours declared by the kinsman of the sun.
If the bhikkhu becomes zealous in them he destroys unpleasantness.
http://www.audtip.org Audio Sutta Recordings

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Dmytro
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Re: right effort EXACTLY the same as 4 right exertions?

Postby Dmytro » Wed Mar 20, 2013 4:03 pm



frank k
Posts: 136
Joined: Sat Jan 01, 2011 4:55 pm

Re: right effort EXACTLY the same as 4 right exertions?

Postby frank k » Thu Mar 21, 2013 1:56 am

Thanks Dmytro, that is an awesome quote on how that (4th sammāvāyamo) is actually practiced.
So Viriya as one of 7 sambojjhanga is also exactly equivalent to right effort (of noble 8fold path), 4 right exertions (of 37 bodhipakkiya)?

Wow , that is some serious redundancy and recursion going on.
In the canonical sammāvāyamo, you have the words viriyam arabhati, and padhahati. I never saw all those connections until I started looking at the pali instead of relying on english translations.
http://www.audtip.org Audio Sutta Recordings

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Dmytro
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Re: right effort EXACTLY the same as 4 right exertions?

Postby Dmytro » Thu Mar 21, 2013 5:04 am




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