Pali word of the day

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sat May 29, 2010 5:32 pm

Nīvarana

'hindrances', are 5 qualities which are obstacles to the mind and blind our mental vision. In the presence of them we cannot reach neighbourhood-concentration upacāra-samādhi and full concentration appanā-samādhi, and are unable to discern clearly the truth. They are listed above.

In the beautiful similes in A. V, 193, sense-desire is compared with water mixed with many colours, ill-will with boiling water, lethargy and Laziness with water covered by moss, restlessness and regrets with agitated water whipped by the wind, skeptical doubt with turbid and muddy water. Just as in such water one cannot perceive one's own reflection, so in the presence of these 5 mental hindrances, one cannot clearly discern one's own benefit, nor that of others, nor that of both.

Regarding the temporary suspension of the 5 hindrances on entering the first absorption, the stereotype sutta text e g. A. IX, 40 runs as follows:

He has cast away sense-desire; he dwells with a heart free from sense-desire; from desire he cleanses his heart.

He has cast away ill-will; he dwells with a heart free from ill-will, cherishing love and Pity toward all living beings, he cleanses his heart from ill-will.

He has cast away lethargy and Laziness; he dwells free from lethargy and Laziness; loving the light, with watchful mind, with clear consciousness, he cleanses his mind from lethargy and Laziness.

He has cast away restlessness and regrets; dwelling with mind undisturbed, with heart full of peace, he cleanses his mind from restlessness and regrets.

He has cast away skeptical doubt; dwelling free from doubt, full of confidence in the good, he cleanses his heart from doubt.

He has put aside these 5 hindrances, and come to know these paralysing defilements of the mind. And far from sensual contacts, far from disadvantageous things, he enters into the first absorption, etc

The overcoming of these 5 hindrances by the absorptions is, as already pointed out, a merely temporary suspension, called 'overcoming through repression' vikkhambhana-pahāna. They disappear forever on entering the 4 supra-mundane paths see: ariya-puggala i.e. skeptical doubt on reaching Sotāpanship; sense-desire, ill-will and mental worry on reaching Anāgāmiship; lethargy, Laziness and restlessness on reaching Arahantship.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun May 30, 2010 1:38 pm

iriyāpatha

Posture; as in one of the positions the body is held in and / or for meditation.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon May 31, 2010 9:43 pm

nisinna

Sitting
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Tue Jun 01, 2010 1:43 pm

gacchanta

walking
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Wed Jun 02, 2010 1:23 pm

ṭhita

standing
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Thu Jun 03, 2010 1:56 pm

sāyana

lying-down
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Fri Jun 04, 2010 1:26 pm

Saddhā

faith, confidence. A Buddhist is said to have faith if he believes in the Perfect One's the Buddha's Enlightenment; M 53; A.V, 2, or in the Triple Gem see: ti-ratana by taking his refuge in them see: ti-sarana His faith, however, should be;reasoned and rooted in understanding; ākāravatā saddhā dassanamūlika M. 47, and he is asked to investigate and test the object of his faith M. 47, 95. A Buddhist's faith is not in conflict with the spirit of inquiry, and;doubt about dubitable things; A. II, 65; S. XLII, 13 is admitted and inquiry into them is encouraged. The 'ability of faith' saddhindriya should be balanced with that of understanding paññindriya see: indriya-samatta It is said:; A Bhikkhu who has understanding, establishes his faith in accordance with that understanding; S. XLVIII, 45. Through understanding and understanding, faith becomes an inner certainty and firm conviction based on one's own experience.

Faith is called the seed Sn. v. 77 of all advantageous states because, according to commentarial explanations, it inspires the mind with confidence okappana pasāda and determination adhimokkha for 'launching out' pakhandhana see: M. 122 to cross the flood of samsāra

Unshakable faith is attained on reaching the first stage of Nobility, 'stream-entry' sotāpatti, see: ariya-puggala when the fetter of sceptical doubt vicikicchā see: samyojana is eliminated. Unshakable confidence avecca-pasāda in the Three Jewels is one of the characteristic qualities of the Stream-winner sotāpannassa angāni.

Faith is a mental concomitant, present in all kammically advantageous, and its corresponding neutral, consciousness. It is one of the 4 streams of merit puññadhārā,, one of the 5 spiritual abilities indriya, spiritual powers bala,, elements of exertion padhāniyanga and one of the 7 treasures dhana.

Maha Thera Nyanatiloka. Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines, Buddhist Publication Society, first edition 1952.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sat Jun 05, 2010 1:27 pm

keḷī

or līlā

sport
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun Jun 06, 2010 1:14 pm

dhanusippa

archery

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon Jun 07, 2010 1:37 pm

Yoga

connection; bond; endeavour; conjunction; attachment; effort; mixture. In Buddhism, sometimes used to mean meditation.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon Jun 07, 2010 1:38 pm

yogī

one who practices spiritual exercise.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby PeterB » Mon Jun 07, 2010 2:00 pm

David N. Snyder wrote:keḷī

or līlā

sport


Interesting. In Vedanta Lila is something like "the play of maya ". Can anyone point to the usage of keli in the Canon ?
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby mikenz66 » Tue Jun 08, 2010 12:28 am

PeterB wrote:
David N. Snyder wrote:keḷī

or līlā

sport


Interesting. In Vedanta Lila is something like "the play of maya ". Can anyone point to the usage of keli in the Canon ?

As in "The dance of Maya", from The Inner Mounting Flame, Mahavishnu Orchestra's 1971 album?
(John McLaughlin was a student of Sri Chinmoy).

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby PeterB » Tue Jun 08, 2010 7:06 am

Yes thats the way its used in the Vedanta Mike. God forgets himself in order to find himself again. The phenomenal world is part of that play, that lila.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Tue Jun 08, 2010 2:47 pm

paduma

lotus

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Wed Jun 09, 2010 2:46 pm

plavana

swimming

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Thu Jun 10, 2010 3:32 pm

pādakanduka

football (in the U.S.: soccer)

I don't think they had football back in the Buddha's time, so the term appears to be the combining:
pāda = foot and then,
kanduka = ball

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby PeterB » Thu Jun 10, 2010 3:39 pm

:smile:
padakanduka-dukkha

The usual mindset of England football fans.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Fri Jun 11, 2010 10:07 pm

yugaggāha

competition
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sat Jun 12, 2010 2:10 pm

kaṇha, kāḷa

black
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