Which languages are derived from Pali

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Which languages are derived from Pali

Postby Khitij » Sun Aug 07, 2011 11:18 pm

Specifically, which Indo-Aryan Languages are derived from Pali? Is Hindi?

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Re: Which languages are derived from Pali

Postby James the Giant » Mon Aug 08, 2011 12:04 am

I know English has some pali derived words, such as Therapist. Apparently from the Greeks, who had contact with monks sent by Asoka. Ashoka?
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Re: Which languages are derived from Pali

Postby mikenz66 » Mon Aug 08, 2011 12:18 am

Greetings Khitij,

I'm not sure what "derived" means. I know that speakers of Indian subcontinental languages such as Bengali report that learning Pali is relatively straightforward. I presume that Sinhalese absorbed a lot of Pali words due to the influence of Buddhism, but I'm no expert on that.

Though not an Indo-European language, Thai uses quite a few "loan words" from both Pali and Sanskrit, due presumably to the spread of Buddhism. To a Thai expert (not me!) this is obvious from the particular consonants used to spell the words (just as French-derived words are obvious to native English speakers).
Pali: Jīvita
Thai: ชีวิต chee-wít [Noun, Classifier, of Pali/Sanskrit origin]: life ; existence ; living
Presumably Burmese, Lao, and Cambodian languages contain similar borrowing.


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