In the Buddha's Words - Open Source Version

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In the Buddha's Words - Open Source Version

Postby mikenz66 » Sun Feb 09, 2014 10:57 am

In the Buddha's Words
Bhikkhu Bodhi


This post gives links to freely-available versions of the suttas included in Bhikkhu Bodhi's book. More details of this excellent book, and the Introuction for each chapter, are available at Wisdom Publications. You can read some of of it at Amazon and Google Books.

Image

Links to Sutta Central (SC) will lead you to translations (click on the en links on the right). Since that site is still being built the links should improve with time. That site also gives you direct access to the Pali version, and gives links to parallels from other Canons.

These links are mostly to Sutta Central (SC) itself (http://suttacentral.net/), Access to Insight (ATI) and Metta Net (http://www.metta.lk/tipitaka/index.html. However, there are some other sources, includent Budhist Publication Society (BPS, http://www.bps.lk).

Links directly to Access to Insight (ATI) are also given in some cases where the links from Sutta Central are not yet functional.

Of course, you are encouraged to buy the book itself, but these links will give you alternative translations and easy on-line references.

Note that there are some numbering differences between different translations of the AN and SN, which may cause some confusion. Note also that at Metta Net the AN an SN suttas are presented in vaggas of about 10 suttas at a time, and you will need to match the Pali name from Sutta Central with the name at Metta Net to locate the particular sutta.

Note that there are talks by Bhikkhu Bodhi, base on this book, here (you will nee to scroll down to fin them).

There are bound to be errors in the links. Please report them!


IN THE BUDDHA'S WORDS
Bhikkhu Bodhi


Introduction (PDF)

I. The Human Condition

Introduction

    1. Old Age, Illness, and Death
      (1) Aging and Death (SN 3.3) SC
      (2) The Simile of the Mountain (SN 3.25) SC
      (3) The Divine Messengers (from AN 3.35) SC
    2. The Tribulations of Unreflective Living
      (1) The Dart of Painful Feeling (SN 36.6) SC
      (2) The Vicissitudes of Life (AN 8.6) SC
      (3) Anxiety Due to Change (SN 22.7) SC
    3. A World in Turmoil
      (1) The Origin of Conflict (AN 2. iv, 6, abridged) [AN 2.37] SC
      (2) Why Do Beings Live in Hate? (from DN 21) SC
      (3) The Dark Chain of Causation (from DN 15) SC
      (4) The Roots of Violence and Oppression (from AN 3.69) SC
    4. Without Discoverable Beginning
      (1) Grass and Sticks (SN 15.1) SC
      (2) Balls of Clay (SN 15.2) SC
      (3) The Mountain (SN 15.5) SC
      (4) The River Ganges (SN 15.8) SC
      [See also related suttas at: ATI]
      (5) Dog on a Leash (SN 22.99) SC

II. The Bringer of Light

Introduction

    1. One Person (AN 1. xiii, 1, 5, 6) [AN 1.170-186] SC ATI
    2. The Buddha’s Conception and Birth (MN 123, abridged) SC
    3. The Quest for Enlightenment
      (1) Seeking the Supreme State of Sublime Peace (from MN 26) SC
      (2) The Realization of the Three True Knowledges (from MN 36) SC
      (3) The Ancient City (SN 12.65) SC
    4. The Decision to Teach (from MN 26) SC
    5. The First Discourse (SN 56.11) SC

III. Approaching the Dhamma

Introduction

    1. Not a Secret Doctrine (AN 3.129) SC
    2. No Dogmas or Blind Belief (AN 3.65) SC
    3. The Visible Origin and Passing Away of Suffering (SN 42.11) SC
    4. Investigate the Teacher Himself (MN 47) SC
    5. Steps toward the Realization of Truth (from MN 95) SC

IV. The Happiness Visible in This Present Life

Introduction

    1. Upholding the Dhamma in Society
      (1) The King of the Dhamma (AN 3.14) SC
      (2) Worshipping the Six Directions (from DN 31) SC
    2. The Family
      (1) Parents and Children
        (a) Respect for Parents (AN 4.63) SC
        (b) Repaying One’s Parents (AN 2. iv, 2) [AN 2.33] SC
      (2) Husbands and Wives
        (a) Different Kinds of Marriages (AN 4.53) SC
        (b) How to Be United in Future Lives (AN 4.55) SC
        (c) Seven Kinds of Wives (AN 7.59) [AN 7.63] SC
    3. Present Welfare, Future Welfare (AN 8.54) SC
    4. Right Livelihood
      (1) Avoiding Wrong Livelihood (AN 5.177) SC
      (2) The Proper Use of Wealth (AN 4.61) SC
      (3) A Family Man’s Happiness (AN 4.62) SC
    5. The Woman of the Home (AN 8.49) SC
    6. The Community
      (1) Six Roots of Dispute (from MN 104) SC
      (2) Six Principles of Cordiality (from MN 104) SC
      (3) Purification Is for All Four Castes (MN 93, abridged) SC
      (4) Seven Principles of Social Stability (from DN 16) SC
      (5) The Wheel-Turning Monarch (from DN 26) SC
      (6) Bringing Tranquillity to the Land (from DN 5) SC

V. The Way to a Fortunate Rebirth

Introduction

    1. The Law of Kamma
      (1) Four Kinds of Kamma (AN 4.232) SC ATI
      (2) Why Beings Fare as They Do after Death (MN 41) SC
      (3) Kamma and Its Fruits (MN 135) SC

    2. Merit. The Key to Good Fortune
      (1) Meritorious Deeds (It 22) SC ATI]
      (2) Three Bases of Merit (AN 8.36) SC
      (3) The Best Kinds of Confidence (AN 4.34) SC
    3. Giving
      (1) If People Knew the Result of Giving (It 26) SC ATI]
      (2) Reasons for Giving (AN 8.33) SC
      (3) The Gift of Food (AN 4.57) SC
      (4) A Superior Person’s Gifts (AN 5.148) SC
      (5) Mutual Support (It 107) SC ATI
      (6) Rebirth on Account of Giving (AN 8.35) SC
    4. Moral Discipline
      (1) The Five Precepts (AN 8.39) SC
      (2) The Uposatha Observance (AN 8.41) SC
    5. Meditation
      (1) The Development of Loving-Kindness (It 27) SC ATI
      (2) The Four Divine Abodes (from MN 99) SC
      (3) Insight Surpasses All (AN 9.20, abridged) SC ATI

VI. Deepening One’s Perspective on the World

Introduction

    1. Four Wonderful Things (AN 4.128) SC
    2. Gratification, Danger, and Escape
      (1) Before My Enlightenment (AN 3.101 §§1–2) [3.103] SC
      (2) I Set Out Seeking (AN 3.101 §3) [3.103] SC
      (3) If There Were No Gratification (AN 3.105) SC
    3. Properly Appraising Objects of Attachment (MN 13) SC
    4. The Pitfalls in Sensual Pleasures
      (1) Cutting Off All Affairs (from MN 54) SC
      (2) The Fever of Sensual Pleasures (from MN 75) SC
    5. Life Is Short and Fleeting (AN 7.70) [AN 7.74] SC
    6. Four Summaries of the Dhamma (from MN 82) SC
    7. The Danger in Views
      (1) A Miscellany on Wrong View (AN 1. xvii, 1, 3, 7, 9) [AN 1.306-308] SC SC SC
      (2) The Blind Men and the Elephant (Ud 6.4) SC ATI
      (3) Held by Two Kinds of Views (It 49) SC ATI
    8. From the Divine Realms to the Infernal (AN 4.125) SC
    9. The Perils of Saṃsāra
      (1) The Stream of Tears (SN 15.3) SC
      (2) The Stream of Blood (SN 15.13) SC

VII. The Path to Liberation

Introduction

    1. Why Does One Enter the Path?
      (1) The Arrow of Birth, Aging, and Death (MN 63) SC
      (2) The Heartwood of the Spiritual Life (MN 29) SC
      (3) The Fading Away of Lust (SN 45.41–48, combined) SC
      SC SC SC SC SC SC SC
    2. Analysis of the Eightfold Path (SN 45.8) SC
    3. Good Friendship (SN 45.2) SC
    4. The Graduated Training (MN 27) SC
    5. The Higher Stages of Training with Similes (from MN 39) SC

VIII. Mastering the Mind

Introduction

    1. The Mind Is the Key (AN 1. iii, 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10) [AN 1.21-30] SC ATI
    2. Developing a Pair of Skills
      (1) Serenity and Insight (AN 2. iii, 10) [AN 2.31] SC
      (2) Four Ways to Arahantship (AN 4.170) SC
      (3) Four Kinds of Persons (AN 4.94) SC
    3. The Hindrances to Mental Development (SN 46.55, abridged) SC
    4. The Refinement of the Mind (AN 3.100 §§1–10) [AN 3.101] SC
    5. The Removal of Distracting Thoughts (MN 20) SC
    6. The Mind of Loving-Kindness (from MN 21) SC
    7. The Six Recollections (AN 6.10) SC [Related: AN 11.12 SC]
    8. The Four Establishments of Mindfulness (MN 10) SC
    9. Mindfulness of Breathing (SN 54.13) SC
    10. The Achievement of Mastery (SN 28.1–9,combined) SC SC SC SC SC SC SC SC SC

IX. Shining the Light of Wisdom

Introduction

    1. Images of Wisdom
      (1) Wisdom as a Light (AN 4.143) SC
      (2) Wisdom as a Knife (from MN 146) SC
    2. The Conditions for Wisdom (AN 8.2, abridged) SC
    3. A Discourse on Right View (MN 9) SC
    4. The Domain of Wisdom
      (1) By Way of the Five Aggregates
        (a) Phases of the Aggregates (SN 22.56) SC
        (b) A Catechism on the Aggregates (SN 22.82 = MN 109, abridged) SC SC
        (c) The Characteristic of Nonself (SN 22.59) SC
        (d) Impermanent, Suffering, Nonself (SN 22.45) SC
        (e) A Lump of Foam (SN 22.95) SC
      (2) By Way of the Six Sense Bases
        (a) Full Understanding (SN 35.26) SC
        (b) Burning (SN 35.28) SC
        (c) Suitable for Attaining Nibbāna (SN 35.147-49, combined) SC SC SC
        (d) Empty Is the World (SN 35.85) SC
        (e) Conscious Too Is Nonself (SN 35.234) SC
      (3) By Way of the Elements
        (a) The Eighteen Elements (SN 14.1) SC
        (b) The Four Elements (SN 14.37-39, combined) SC SC SC
        (c) The Six Elements (from MN 140) SC
      (4) By Way of Dependent Origination
        (a) What Is Dependent Origination? (SN 12.1) SC
        (b) The Stableness of the Dhamma (SN 12.20) SC
        (c) Forty-Four Cases of Knowledge (SN 12.33) SC
        (d) A Teaching by the Middle (SN 12.15) SC
        (e) The Continuance of Consciousness (SN 12.38) SC
        (f) The Origin and Passing of the World (SN 12.44) SC
      (5) By Way of the Four Noble Truths
        (a) The Truths of All Buddhas (SN 56.24) SC
        (b) These Four Truths Are Actual (SN 56.20) SC
        (c) A Handful of Leaves (SN 56.31) SC
        (d) Because of Not Understanding (SN 56.21) SC
        (e) The Precipice (SN 56.42) SC
        (f) Making the Breakthrough (SN 56.32) SC
        (g) The Destruction of the Taints (SN 56.25) SC
    5. The Goal of Wisdom
      (1) What is Nibbāna? (SN 38.1) SC
      (2) Thirty-Three Synonyms for Nibbāna (SN 43.1– 44, combined) SC
      (3) There Is That Base (Ud 8.1) SC ATI
      (4) The Unborn (Ud 8.3) SC ATI
      (5) The Two Nibbāna Elements (It 44) SC ATI
      (6) The Fire and the Ocean (from MN 72) SC

X. The Planes of Realization

Introduction

    1. The Field of Merit for the World
      (1) Eight Persons Worthy of Gifts (AN 8.59) SC
      (2) Differentiation by Faculties (SN 48.18) SC [Related: SN 48.10 SC]
      (3) In the Dhamma Well Expounded (from MN 22) SC
      (4) The Completeness of the Teaching (from MN 73) SC
      (5) Seven Kinds of Noble Persons (from MN 70) SC
    2. Stream-Entry
      (1) The Four Factors Leading to Stream-Entry (SN 55.5) SC
      [Related: Admirable Friendship (It 17) SC ATI; Hearing the Dhamma (AN 5.202) SC; Careful Attention (It 16) SC ATI; Practice in accorance with the Dhamma (SN 22.39) SC]
      (2) Entering the Fixed Course of Rightness (SN 25.1) SC
      (3) The Breakthrough to the Dhamma (SN 13.1) SC
      (4) The Four Factors of a Stream-Enterer (SN 55.2) SC [Related: (SN 55.1) SC]
      (5) Better than Sovereignty over the Earth (SN 55.1) SC
    3. Nonreturning
      (1) Abandoning the Five Lower Fetters (from MN 64) SC
      (2) Four Kinds of Persons (AN 4.169) SC
      (3) Six Things that Partake of True Knowledge (SN 55.3) SC [No links at present]
      (4) Five Kinds of Nonreturners (SN 46.3) SC
    4. The Arahant
      (1) Removing the Residual Conceit “I Am” (SN 22.89) SC
      (2) The Trainee and the Arahant (SN 48.53) SC
      (3) A Monk Whose Crossbar Has Been Lifted (from MN 22) SC
      (4) Nine Things an Arahant Cannot Do (from AN 9.7) SC
      (5) A Mind Unshaken (from AN 9.26) SC
      (6) The Ten Powers of an Arahant Monk (AN 10.90) SC
      (7) The Sage at Peace (from MN 140) SC
      (8) Happy Indeed Are the Arahants (from SN 22.76) SC

    5. The Tathāgata
      (1) The Buddha and the Arahant (SN 22.58) SC
      (2) For the Welfare of Many (It 84) SC ATI
      (3) Sāriputta’s Lofty Utterance (SN 47.12) SC
      (4) The Powers and Grounds of Self-Confidence (from MN 12) SC
      (5) The Manifestation of Great Light (SN 56.38) SC
      (6) The Man Desiring Our Good (from MN 19) SC
      (7) The Lion (SN 22.78) SC
      (8) Why Is He Called the Tathāgata? (AN 4.23 = It 112) SC SC ATI
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Re: In the Buddha's Words - Open Source Version

Postby kitztack » Sun Feb 09, 2014 11:19 am

thanks mike

i recall this has been recommended by Dhamma Wheel members as an invaluable source
Aflame with the fire of passion, the fire of aversion, the fire of delusion.
Aflame, with birth, aging & death, with sorrows, lamentations, pains, distresses, & despairs ......

Seeing thus, the disciple of the Noble One grows disenchanted. SN 35.28
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Re: In the Buddha's Words - Open Source Version

Postby Mkoll » Sun Feb 09, 2014 7:34 pm

Thanks mike.

This is an excellent introduction to the Buddha's teachings as put forth in the Sutta Pitaka of the Pali Canon. I would unhesitatingly recommend it to all newcomers to Buddhism.

:reading:
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Re: In the Buddha's Words - Open Source Version

Postby mikenz66 » Sun Feb 09, 2014 11:55 pm

I agree, I think it's the single most useful book that I have.

What I've noticed by doing this, and checking the links from Sutta Central, is that quite a large proportion of the suttas in the book have translations on Sutta Central, the vast majority of those by Bhikkhu Bodhi. I think it's great that we have a serious alternative to the Access to Insight and Metta Net translations (though Bhikkhu Bodhi's excellent footnotes are only available if you purchase the book, or the Nikaya volumes). Sutta Central doesn't have the thematic guides that Access to Insight has here: http://www.accesstoinsight.org/index-subject.html and the In the Buddha's Words links are helpful in giving a thematic guide to at least some of the material.

I've fixed a few small things. All chapters now have links to Bhikkhu Bodhi's introductory material, which is well worth reading. Please let me know of any errors, or possible enhancements.

:anjali:
Mike
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Re: In the Buddha's Words - Open Source Version

Postby bodom » Mon Feb 10, 2014 12:17 am

This is great work thank you Mike.

:anjali:
The heart of the path is SO simple. No need for long explanations. Give up clinging to love and hate, just rest with things as they are. That is all I do in my own practice. Do not try to become anything. Do not make yourself into anything. Do not be a meditator. Do not become enlightened. When you sit, let it be. When you walk, let it be. Grasp at nothing. Resist nothing. Of course, there are dozens of meditation techniques to develop samadhi and many kinds of vipassana. But it all comes back to this - just let it all be. Step over here where it is cool, out of the battle. - Ajahn Chah
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Re: In the Buddha's Words - Open Source Version

Postby alan » Mon Feb 10, 2014 4:25 am

Good place to start. Thanks Mike. Bought this book on your recommendation years ago.
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Re: In the Buddha's Words - Open Source Version

Postby mikenz66 » Mon Feb 10, 2014 4:36 am

Thanks. If I brush up on clever regular-expression search and replace it should be trivial to do the same with Bhikkhu Bodhi's Thematic Guide to the Anguttara Nikaya: http://wisdompubs.org/book/numerical-di ... atic-guide

All that is required is to replace entries such as:
1. Biographical 3:39; 4:21, 4:118, 4:127, 5:196, 8:11, 8:64, 8:69, 8:70, 9:41

by
1. Biographical [url=http://suttacentral.net/an3.39]3.39[/url]; ...


Which would then come out as:
1. Biographical 3.39; ...

and in that case gives you three choices of translation for AN 3.39...

Surely someone here could whip up a one-liner in sed, perl, or python (depending on your age :)) that would do that...
There is the added complication of entries like:
5. Preserving the Dhamma 1:130‒69, 2:20, 2:41, 4:160, 4:180, 5:79‒80, 5:154‒56, 5:201, 6:40, 7:59

That would take a little more code, and converting 1:130-69 to 40 separate entries might be overkill... :thinking:

:anjali:
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Re: In the Buddha's Words - Open Source Version

Postby Anagarika » Mon Feb 10, 2014 7:01 pm

mikenz66 wrote:I agree, I think it's the single most useful book that I have.

What I've noticed by doing this, and checking the links from Sutta Central, is that quite a large proportion of the suttas in the book have translations on Sutta Central, the vast majority of those by Bhikkhu Bodhi. I think it's great that we have a serious alternative to the Access to Insight and Metta Net translations (though Bhikkhu Bodhi's excellent footnotes are only available if you purchase the book, or the Nikaya volumes). Sutta Central doesn't have the thematic guides that Access to Insight has here: http://www.accesstoinsight.org/index-subject.html and the In the Buddha's Words links are helpful in giving a thematic guide to at least some of the material.

I've fixed a few small things. All chapters now have links to Bhikkhu Bodhi's introductory material, which is well worth reading. Please let me know of any errors, or possible enhancements.

:anjali:
Mike


Mike, a quick question, if you don't mind. When you mention "I think it's great that we have a serious alternative to the Access to Insight" is there a suggestion that ATI translations are of any concern? I mention this not to "stir a pot" but am curious. I have Ven. Bodhi's books and value them immensely. I also utilize ATI (mainly Ven. Thanissaro) and value these translations immensely (along with the many books I've freely picked up at Wat Metta's library.) I also enjoy comparing translations and views of Ven. Bodhi vis a vis Ven. Thanissaro. Do experienced Pali students or practitioners see a qualitative difference between Ven. Bodhi's approach to the suttas vs. Ven. Thanissaro's? I spent some time on articles written by Ven. Bodhi recently on a certain subject , and compared these with the interpretations and opinions of Ajahn Geoff, and enjoyed the detailed and scholarly (albeit somewhat differing) opinions.
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Re: In the Buddha's Words - Open Source Version

Postby mikenz66 » Tue Feb 11, 2014 2:03 am

Hi BuddhaSoup,

What you say here is exactly what I find helpful about having multiple translations and interpretations:
BuddhaSoup wrote: I spent some time on articles written by Ven. Bodhi recently on a certain subject , and compared these with the interpretations and opinions of Ajahn Geoff, and enjoyed the detailed and scholarly (albeit somewhat differing) opinions.

They do differ in opinions, and it is valuable to see a variety of opinions. They also differ in style. Ven. Bodhi is usually careful to explain how he thinks that the Theravada tradition interprets the suttas, even when he also points out where there may be more straight-forward explanations than those of the Commentators. Ven. Thanissaro seem to me to be more forceful about arguing for the correctness of his personal interpretations. There is a place for both styles.

:anjali:
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Re: In the Buddha's Words - Open Source Version

Postby Anagarika » Tue Feb 11, 2014 2:41 am

mikenz66 wrote:Hi BuddhaSoup,

What you say here is exactly what I find helpful about having multiple translations and interpretations:
BuddhaSoup wrote: I spent some time on articles written by Ven. Bodhi recently on a certain subject , and compared these with the interpretations and opinions of Ajahn Geoff, and enjoyed the detailed and scholarly (albeit somewhat differing) opinions.

They do differ in opinions, and it is valuable to see a variety of opinions. They also differ in style. Ven. Bodhi is usually careful to explain how he thinks that the Theravada tradition interprets the suttas, even when he also points out where there may be more straight-forward explanations than those of the Commentators. Ven. Thanissaro seem to me to be more forceful about arguing for the correctness of his personal interpretations. There is a place for both styles.

:anjali:
Mike


Mike thanks for this most excellent response. I like your explanation, and it resonates with what I've felt. One reason that I enjoy Ajahn Geoff is the 'force' of his conviction about the Buddha's Sutta teachings, and his seeming (to me, at least) lack of real interest in spending much time on Commentarial texts. He's like a skilled physician without the best bedside manner..but he's the doctor you want when a family member is ill. Bhikkhu Bodhi seems to allow for some flexibility in his interpretations of Pali Canon Dhamma, and I have sometimes wondered whether his affiliation with Bodhi Temple and his engaged global outreach has given him a broader, more flexible perspective on Canon dhamma and the Commentarial tradition. As you infer, it's auspicious that we have these two Dhamma scholars occupying the planet at the same time, from whom we all benefit.
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