I'm in no sense an expert here. I was just curious enough to look this one up.
Mawkish1983 wrote:How do you pluralise 'Bhikkhu' in Pali?
It'd be impractical for English to import the plurals from Pāli since Pāli has a number of cases and it depends on the case. I assume you realize that cases don't match exactly the way prepositions are used in English (with, by, from, etc.); this just gives you an idea of what each case is for:
Nominative ("Bhikkhus"): bhikkhū, bhikkhavo
Vocative ("O Bhikkhus"): bhikkhū, bhikkhavo, bhikkhave
Accusative ("bhikkhus"): bhikkhū, bhikkhavo
Instrumental ("by bhikkhus", "with bhikkhus"): bhikkhūbhi, bhikkhūhi
Ablative ("from bhikkhus"): bhikkhūbhi, bhikkhūhi
Dative("to bhikkhus", "for bhikkhus"): bhikkhūnaṃ
Genitive("of bhikkhus"): bhikkhūnaṃ
Locative ("in bhikkhus", "upon bhikkhus"): bhikkhūsu
Mawkish1983 wrote:How do you pluralise 'Bhikkhuni' in Pali?
Nominative ("Bhikkhunis"): bhikkhunī, bhikkhuniyo
Vocative ("O Bhikkhunis"): bhikkhunī, bhikkhuniyo
Accusative ("bhikkhunis"): bhikkhuniyo
Instrumental ("by bhikkhunis", "with bhikkhunis"): bhikkhunībhi, bhikkhunīhi
Ablative ("from bhikkhunis"): bhikkhunībhi, bhikkhunīhi
Dative("to bhikkhunis", "for bhikkhunis"): bhikkhunīnaṃ
Genitive ("of bhikkhunis"): bhikkhunīnaṃ
Locative ("in bhikkhunis" "upon bhikkhunis"): bhikkhunīsu
Correct me if I got it wrong. That's sure a lot of cases. More than two or three already seems like a lot! It seems there's also an "auxiliary" case that has the same case endings as instrumental. It looks as though the -bhi forms are relatively rare? Is that right?