V or W?

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Justin
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Joined: Sun Jan 25, 2009 3:28 pm
Location: United States

V or W?

Postby Justin » Mon Apr 20, 2009 3:33 pm

In listening to Dhamma talks and chanting on the websites of various Theravadin monasteries, I have noticed that some group pronounce v's as w's in Pali (i.e., Bhagavato, brahmavihara). (I'm reminded of the Vesak vs. Wesak semantics, but I know that Vesak is Sinhalese). Could anyone help shed some light on why different groups pronounce v's differently, and what the pronounciation rules for v are in Pali?

Much metta,
Justin :anjali:
Cultivate generosity, the life of peace,
and a mind of boundless love.

Itivuttuka 16

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Dhammanando
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Location: Wat Doi Phra Koed, Chom Thong, Chiang Mai

Re: V or W?

Postby Dhammanando » Mon Apr 20, 2009 8:53 pm

The classical Pali grammars classify the consonant as dento-labial (i.e. requiring the upper front teeth to be in contact with the lower lip). So, v is more likely the correct pronunciation, since w is a bilabial consonant. But in practice SE Asian Buddhists will pronounce it as a w because their native tongues (Thai, Lao, Khmer etc.) don't have a v sound.

Best wishes,
Dhammanando Bhikkhu
Sundɑrɑromɑ̄nɑ
Pɑli Romɑnisɑtion


sɑrɑ̄: ɑ ɑ̄ i ī u ū e o
kɑɳȶɑjɑ̄: k ƙ ɡ ɠ ŋ
tɑ̄lujɑ̄: c ƈ j j̛ ɲ
mudɗɑjɑ̄: ʈ ȶ ɖ ȡ ɳ
dɑntɑjɑ̄: t ƭ d ɗ n
oʈȶɑjɑ̄: p ƥ b ɓ m
ɑvɑɡɡɑ̄: y r l v s h ł
niɡɡɑhītɑ̊: ɑ̊ i̊ ů

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Justin
Posts: 16
Joined: Sun Jan 25, 2009 3:28 pm
Location: United States

Re: V or W?

Postby Justin » Mon Apr 20, 2009 11:10 pm

Many thanks! :namaste:
Cultivate generosity, the life of peace,
and a mind of boundless love.

Itivuttuka 16


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