The Planes of Existence and Jhanic attainments are certainly intimately tied together in Buddhist Cosmology:
The Thirty-one Planes of Existence http://www.accesstoinsight.org/ptf/dham ... /loka.html
Are they "places" or "states of mind"? Interesting question...
You might, in particular, look at:
MN 49 Brahma-nimantanika Sutta: The Brahma Invitation http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka ... .than.html
Ajahn Brahm has a couple of interesting talks about this sutta. One is here:
The Invitation Of A Brahma http://www.dhammaloka.org.au/downloads/ ... l?start=70
Edit: now here: http://www.dhammaloka.org.au/downloads/ ... rahma.html
I have not listened to this for a while, but as I recall he discusses how Mara is the "control freak" part of our mind.