I am interested in the earliest exposition of Buddhist philosophy/religion in general. That is,
what have scholars dated as the earliest text that exposits Buddhism as a whole, as opposed to
a handling of a specific circumstance (like death)?
I'm interested in a single teaching and not a corpus. It need not go into detail either.
If no such thing exists (due to fragmentary texts), are there any proposed reconstructions?
Links to the (English) texts would be greatly appreciated.
I have done some web searches, but am unsure if the results are correct, especially given the more
recent Gandharan finds.
Thanks in Advance!
Doing a school paper? I don't think you'll find a Cliff's Notes survey of your wish list. K.R. Norman has covered some of the ground you mention, below is a series of his lectures which may help, but I doubt there is Q of the Buddha's teachings to be found.A Philological Approach to Buddhism
by K.R. Norman
Katamo ca bhikkhave asaṅkhatagāmī maggo: samatho ca vipassanā ca. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave asaṅkhatagāmī maggo.
“And what, bhikkhus, is the path leading to the unconditioned? Calm and insight
. This, bhikkhus, is called the path leading to the unconditioned.” SN. 43.2 – Samathavipassanāsuttaṃ Secure your own mask before assisting others
. – NORTHWEST AIRLINES (Pre-Flight Instruction)A Handful of Leaves