Among Savaka Bhikkhus, Sariputta Thera was declared by the Buddha as the
foremost for great wisdom. He and his childhood friend Moggallana both became
The Buddha's Chief Disciples.
********Sariputta: The General of the Dhamma
[Translated from the Pali by Daw Mya Tin,MA]
While residing at Veluvana, the Bamboo Grove monastery in Rajagaha, the Buddha
uttered Verses 11-12, with reference to Sanjaya, a former teacher of the
Chief Disciples, the Venerable Sariputta and the Venerable Moggallana (formerly
Upatissa and Kolita).
Upatissa and Kolita were two youths from Upatissa and Kolita, two villages near
Rajagaha. While looking at a show they realized the insubstantiality of things
and they decided to search for the way to liberation. First, they approached
Sanjaya. the wandering ascetic at Rajagaha, but they were not satisfied with his
teachings. So they went all over Jarnbudipa and came back to their native place,
after searching for, but not finding the true dhamma. At this point they came to
an understanding that one who found the true dhamma should inform the other.
One day, Upatissa came across Thera Assaji and learned from him the substance of
the dhamma. The thera uttered the verse beginning with "Ye dhamma hetuppabhava",
meaning, "those phenomena which proceed from a cause". Listening to the verse,
Upatissa became established in the Sotapatti Magga and Phala. Then, as promised,
he went to his friend Kolita, explained to him that he, Upatissa, had attained
the state of Deathlessness and repeated the verse to his friend. Kolita also
become established in Sotapatti Fruition at the end of the verse. They both
remembered their former teacher and so went to Sanjaya and said to him, "We have
found one who could point out the Path to Deathlesseness; the Buddha has
appeared in the world; the Dhamma has appeared; the Sangha has appeared... Come,
let us go to the Teacher." They had hoped that their former teacher would go
along with them to the Buddha and by listening to the discourses he, too, would
come to realize Magga and Phala. But Sanjaya refused.
So Upatissa and Kolita, with two hundred and fifty followers, went to the
Buddha, at Veluvana. There, they were initiated and admitted into the Order as
bhikkhus. Upatissa as son of Rupasari became known as Thera Sariputta; Kolita as
son of Moggali became known as Thera Maha Moggallana. On the seventh day after
the initiation Maha Moggallana attained Arahatship. Thera Sariputta achieved the
same a fortnight after initiation. On that day, the Buddha made them his two
Chief Disciples (Agga-Savaka).
The two Chief Disciples then related to the Buddha how they went to the Giragga
festival, the meeting with Thera Assaji and their attainment of Sotapatti
Fruition. They also told the Buddha about their former teacher Sanjaya, who
refused to accompany them. Sanjaya had said, "Having bean a teacher to so many
pupils, for me to become his pupil would be like a jar turning into a drinking
cup. Besides, only few people are wise and the majority are foolish; let the
wise go to the wise Gotama, the foolish would still come to me. Go your way, my
Thus, as the Buddha pointed out, Sanjaya's false pride was preventing him from
seeing truth as truth; he was seeing untruth as truth and would never arrive at
the real truth.Then the Buddha spoke in verse as follows.
Verse 11: They take untruth for truth; they take truth for untruth; such persons
can never arrive at the truth, for they hold wrong views.
Verse 12: They take truth for truth; they take untruth for untruth; such persons
arrive at the truth, for they hold right views.
At the end of the discourse, many people came to be established in Sotapatti
Love Buddha's dhamma,