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SN 45.2: Upaddha Sutta — Half (of the Holy Life) - Dhamma Wheel

SN 45.2: Upaddha Sutta — Half (of the Holy Life)

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mikenz66
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SN 45.2: Upaddha Sutta — Half (of the Holy Life)

Postby mikenz66 » Wed Jul 11, 2012 7:10 am

SN 45.2 PTS: S v 2 CDB ii 1524
Upaddha Sutta: Half (of the Holy Life)
translated from the Pali by Thanissaro Bhikkhu


In this famous sutta the Buddha corrects Ven. Ananda, pointing out that having "admirable" friends, companions, and comrades is not half but the whole of the holy life. (For more about this special kind of friendship, see the page on kalyanamittata .)

http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka ... .than.html



I have heard that on one occasion the Blessed One was living among the Sakyans. Now there is a Sakyan town named Sakkara. There Ven. Ananda went to the Blessed One and, on arrival, having bowed down to the Blessed One, sat to one side. As he was sitting there, Ven. Ananda said to the Blessed One, "This is half of the holy life, lord: admirable friendship, admirable companionship, admirable camaraderie."[1]

"Don't say that, Ananda. Don't say that. Admirable friendship, admirable companionship, admirable camaraderie is actually the whole of the holy life. When a monk has admirable people as friends, companions, & comrades, he can be expected to develop & pursue the noble eightfold path.

"And how does a monk who has admirable people as friends, companions, & comrades, develop & pursue the noble eightfold path? There is the case where a monk develops right view dependent on seclusion, dependent on dispassion, dependent on cessation, resulting in relinquishment. He develops right resolve ... right speech ... right action ... right livelihood ... right effort ... right mindfulness ... right concentration dependent on seclusion, dependent on dispassion, dependent on cessation, resulting in relinquishment. This is how a monk who has admirable people as friends, companions, & colleagues, develops & pursues the noble eightfold path.

"And through this line of reasoning one may know how admirable friendship, admirable companionship, admirable camaraderie is actually the whole of the holy life: It is in dependence on me as an admirable friend that beings subject to birth have gained release from birth, that beings subject to aging have gained release from aging, that beings subject to death have gained release from death, that beings subject to sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair have gained release from sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair. It is through this line of reasoning that one may know how admirable friendship, admirable companionship, admirable camaraderie is actually the whole of the holy life."


Notes

1. As AN 8.54 points out, this means not only associating with good people, but also learning from them and emulating their good qualities.

See also:
MN 95; http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka ... .than.html
AN 4.192; http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka ... .than.html
AN 8.54; http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka ... .than.html
AN 9.1; http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka ... .than.html
Ud 4.1; http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka ... .than.html
Iti 17.http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka ... ml#iti-017

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mikenz66
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Re: SN 45.2: Upaddha Sutta — Half (of the Holy Life)

Postby mikenz66 » Wed Jul 11, 2012 7:13 am

SN 45.2: Upaddha Sutta
Translated by John Ireland

Thus have I heard. At one time the Lord was staying amongst the Sakyas, at the Sakya market town of Sakkara. Then the venerable AAnanda approached the Lord, prostrated himself and sat down to one side. Sitting there the venerable AAnanda said to the Lord:

"Half of this holy life, Lord, is friendship with the good, companionship with the good, association with the good."

"Do not say that, AAnanda. Do not say that, AAnanda. It is the whole of this holy life, this friendship, companionship and association with the good. Of a bhikkhu, AAnanda, who is a friend, companion, and associate of the good it is to be expected that he will cultivate and seriously practice the Noble Eightfold Path. And how, AAnanda, does a bhikkhu... cultivate and seriously practice the Noble Eightfold Path? Herein, AAnanda, a bhikkhu cultivates right view centered on detachment, centered on dispassion, centered on cessation, ending in relinquishment [of all attachments]. He cultivates right thought... speech... action... livelihood... effort... mindfulness... right concentration centered on detachment, centered on dispassion, centered on cessation, ending in relinquishment.

"In this manner, AAnanda, a bhikkhu who is a friend, companion, associate of the good cultivates and seriously practices the Noble Eightfold Path.

"It is in this manner, AAnanda, it should be understood how the whole of this holy life is friendship, companionship, and association with the good.

"By taking me as a good friend, beings liable to birth are released from birth, beings liable to old age are released from old age, beings liable to death are released from death, beings liable to sorrow, lamentation, suffering, grief and despair are released there from.

"In this manner, AAnanda, it should be understood how the whole of this holy life is friendship with the good, companionship with the good, association with the good."

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Sam Vara
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Re: SN 45.2: Upaddha Sutta — Half (of the Holy Life)

Postby Sam Vara » Wed Jul 11, 2012 9:02 am


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Re: SN 45.2: Upaddha Sutta — Half (of the Holy Life)

Postby mikenz66 » Wed Jul 11, 2012 9:43 am


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Sam Vara
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Re: SN 45.2: Upaddha Sutta — Half (of the Holy Life)

Postby Sam Vara » Wed Jul 11, 2012 11:53 am

Hi Mike,

Many thanks.

BB clearly favours the "good friend" rather than "friend of the good" interpretation, but this could still leave some wriggle-room for those who want to say that the "good friend" is in some sense a personification of the Dhamma. I can't provide a reference for this idea, but can recall meeting it several times.

BB's interpretation also fits very nicely with those Suttas where "hearing the true Dhamma" is dependent upon "associating with good people". In the Buddha's time, this would presumably have meant face-to-face contact. Today, we could be said to "associate" with those who have published their thoughts, or who we interact with via the internet.

I like to think that those whose thoughts I read here on DW are "good friends". Not in the sense of closeness or traditional ideas of friendship, but people whose thoughts are beneficial to engage with.

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Re: SN 45.2: Upaddha Sutta — Half (of the Holy Life)

Postby mikenz66 » Fri Jul 13, 2012 7:53 am


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Re: SN 45.2: Upaddha Sutta — Half (of the Holy Life)

Postby mikenz66 » Sat Jul 14, 2012 8:49 pm



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