Discussion of Abhidhamma and related Commentaries
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This Uposatha Day I proudly present the continuation of Nibbaana Dhaatu.
Abhidhamma Study: Nibbaana Dhaatu
[Presented by Dr.Tep Sastri @ SD/JTN/Mult]2. Deathless Element (amataaya dhaatu):
"He turns the mind to the deathless element :
This is peaceful, this is exalted,
such as the appeasement of all determinations,
the giving up of all endearments,
the destruction of craving, detachment, cessation and extinction".
'so tehi dhammehi citta.m pa.tivaapetvaa amataaya dhaatuyaa
eta.m santan eta.m paniita.m
yadhida.m sabba sankhaarasamatho,
ta.nhakkhayo, viraago, nirodho nibbaana.n ti'
---------------------3. [ MN 64, translated by ~Nanamoli Thera:]
"Whatever there is there of form, feeling, perception, determinations, or consciousness, such ideas
he sees as impermanent, as subject to pain, as asickness, as a tumor, as a barb, as a calamity, as an affliction,
as an alienation, as a disintegration, as a void, as not-self. He averts his heartfrom those ideas,
and for the most peaceful, the supreme goal, he turns his heart to the deathless element, that is to say,
the stilling of all determinations, the relinquishment of all substance, the exhaustion of craving,
the fading of passion, cessation, extinction."
---------------------4. [Ptsm, IV, 90 Nibbana-dhatu:]
"There are two kinds of relinquishment through cessation:
relinquishment as giving up, and relinquishment as entering into.
It gives up defilements and aggregates, thus it is relinquishment as giving up;
cognizance enters cessation which is the nibbana principle
thus it is relinquishment as entering into.
These are the two kinds of relinquishment through cessation."
Nirodhavasena dve vossaggaa:
pariccaagavossaggo ca, pakkhandanavossaggo ca.
Kilesa ca khandhe ca pariccajatiiti, pariccaagavossaggo;
nirodhanibbaanadhaatuyaa cittam pakkhandatiiti.
Pakkhandanavossaggo nirodhavasena ime dve vossaggaa.
'This is peace, this is exquisite — the resolution of all fabrications; the relinquishment
of all acquisitions; the ending of craving; dispassion; cessation; Unbinding.'
[‘eta.m santa.m eta.m pa.niita.m yadida.m sabbasa"nkhaarasamatho
sabbuupadhippa.tinissaggo ta.nhaakkhayo viraago nibbaana’nti.']
pa.tinissagga : [m.] giving up; rejection; forsaking.]
Nibbana: [adj.] free from craving.
Nibbaana (nt.), cooling; extinction (of a fire); emancipation; the final bliss.
---------------------6. [MN 28:] "Any subduing of desire & passion, any abandoning of desire & passion for these five
clinging-aggregates is the cessation of stress."
Yo imesu pa~ncasupaadaanakkhandhesu chandaraagavinayo chandaraagappahaana.m, so dukkhanirodho'ti. 7. [AN 9.36 Jhana Sutta:]
'I tell you, the ending of the mental fermentations depends on the first jhana.' Thus it has been said.
In reference to what was it said? There is the case where a monk, secluded from sensuality,
secluded from unskillful qualities, enters & remains in the first jhana: rapture & pleasure born of seclusion,
accompanied by directed thought & evaluation.
He regards whatever phenomena there that are connected with form, feeling, perception, fabrications,
& consciousness, as inconstant, stressful, a disease, a cancer, an arrow, painful, an affliction, alien,
a disintegration, an emptiness, not-self. He turns his mind away from those phenomena, and having done so,
inclines his mind to the property of deathlessness: 'This is peace, this is exquisite — the resolution
of all fabrications; the relinquishment of all acquisitions; the ending of craving; dispassion; cessation; Unbinding.'
Love Buddha's dhamma,
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