Today I proudly present a wonderful video clip of Ajanta Cave to you all. Thanks to my dear friends Min Khin Kyaw and Dr.Han Tun who post the article @ SD/JTN..... Remind me of Indiana Jones : RAIDERS OF THE LOST ARK !!
(Ancient technology - somehow forgotten)
[Presented by Min Khin Kyaw and Dr.Han Tun @ SariputtaDhamma/JTN/Mult]
A video about Ancient technology - somehow forgotten. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FHeel1GN ... re=related
The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India are 30 rock-cut
cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to the 600 CE. The caves
include paintings and sculptures considered to be masterpieces of Buddhist
religious art (which depict the Jataka tales) as well as frescos which are
reminiscent of the Sigiriya paintings in Sri Lanka. The caves were built in two
phases starting around 2nd century BCE, with the second group of caves built
around 600 CE. It is a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of
Since 1983, the Ajanta Caves have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The caves
are located in the Indian state of Maharashtra, near Jalgaon, just outside the
village of Ajinṭhaa. Caves are only about 59 kilometers from Jalgaon Railway
station (on Delhi-Mumbai, Rail line of the Central railways, India); and 104
kilometers from Aurangabad (from Ellora Caves 100 Kilometers).
 First period
According to Spink (2006), the first phase was the construction of sanctuaries
(known as chaytia-grihas) built during the period 100 BCE to 100 CE, probably
under the patronage of the Satavahana dynasty (230 BCE, c. 220 CE) in the
canyons of the Waghora River. The caves 9, 10, 12 and 15A were constructed
during this period. Murals preserved from this time belong to the oldest
monuments of painted art in India.
 Second period
Scholars disagree about the date of the Ajanta Caves' second period. For a time
it was thought that the work was done over a long period from the fourth to the
7th century AD, but recently long-time researcher Walter M. Spink declared that
most of the work took place over short time period, from 460 to 480 CE, during
the reign of Emperor Harishena of the Vakataka dynasty. Some 20 cave temples
were simultaneously created, for the most part viharas: monasteries with a
sanctuary in the structure's rear centre.
According to Spink, the Ajanta Caves appear to have been abandoned shortly after
the fall of Harishena c. 480 CE. Since then, these temples have been abandoned
and gradually forgotten. During the intervening centuries, the jungle grew back
and the caves were hidden, unvisited and undisturbed.
 Rediscovery by Europeans
On 28 April 1819, a British officer for the Madras Presidency, John Smith, of
the 28th Cavalry, while hunting tiger, accidentally discovered the entrance to
one of the cave temples (Cave No. 10) deep within the tangled undergrowth.
Exploring that first cave, long since a home to nothing more than birds and bats
and a lair for other, larger, animals, Captain Smith scratched his name in on
one of the pillars. Still faintly visible, it records his name and the date,
April 1819. Since he stood on a five foot high pile of rubble collected over the
years, the inscription is well above the eye-level gaze of an adult. Shortly
after this discovery, the Ajanta Caves became renowned for their exotic setting,
impressive architecture, historic artwork, and long-forgotten history.
Love Buddha's dhamma,