Abhidhamma View : The Faculty Condition
[Presented by Dr.Tep Sastri @ SariputtaDhamma/JTN/Mult] CMA VIII, p. 320:The faculty condition is threefold
: the five sensitive organs are a condition for the five kinds of consciousness; the material life faculty, for the material phenomena born of kamma; the immaterial faculties, for conascent mind-and-matter.Faculty condition
is a condition where a conditioning state relates to the conditioned states by exercising control in a particular department or function.
This condition is compared to a panel of ministers, each of whom has freedom of control in governing his particular region of the country and does not attempt to govern the other regions. As stated in the text, there are three types of faculty condition: (i) prenascence faculty, (ii) material life faculty, and (iii) conascence faculty.
(i) In prenascence faculty
, each of the five sensitivities (arisen at the static phase of the past bhavanga citta) is a faculty condition for its respective type of sense consciousness along with its cetasikas. This is so because the sensitive organ controls the efficiency of the consciousness that takes it as a base
. For example, good eyes produce acute vision while weak eyes result in poor vision.
(ii) The material life faculty
in the material groups born of kamma is a faculty condition for the other nine material phenomena in the same groups, for it controls them by maintaining their vitality
(iii) The fifteen immaterial faculties (see VII, p. 273, about the 22 kinds of faculties: indriya) are each a conascence faculty condition for the associated mental states and the conascent material phenomena.
Of the faculties, the two sex faculties of femininity and masculinity do not become conditioning states in the faculty condition. They are excluded because they do not have the functions of a condition. A condition has three functions --producing, supporting, and maintaining
-- but the sex faculties do not execute any of these functions. Nevertheless, they are still classed as faculties because they control the sexual structure, appearance, character, and disposition of the body, so that the whole personality tends towards either femininity or masculinity.
Love Buddha's dhamma,