Abhidhamma View : Boredom and Gladness
[Presented by Dr.Tep Sastri @ SariputtaDhamma/JTN/Mult]
Boredom is a mental hindrance; its opposite is gladness. It is helpful to know both dhammas, their origination and cessation.
"Boredom(arati) is an obstacle to concentration, gladness(paamojja) is an aid for concentration.
Also all unprofitable ideas(akusala dhamma) are an obstacle to concentration, and all profitable ideas(kusala dhamma) are an aid to concentration. [Ptsm III, 3.]
"Gladness is ignited(jhaayati), thus it is jhana; it consumes(jhaapeti) boredom, thus it is jhana ... ". [Ptsm V, 48.]
"Unification of cognizance and non-distraction through gladness are concentration." [Ptsm XI, 8.]
"Here someone has much sense of urgency about all formations, much fear, much dissatisfaction, much boredom, much disenchantment, has no enjoyment externally in any formations; he penetrates, explodes the mass of greed never penetrated, never exploded before, thus it is penetrative understanding." [Ptsm XIX, 20.]
"When he has given up, renounced, let go, abandoned and relinquished [the defilements] in part, he knows: 'I am endowed with unwavering confidence in the Buddha... in the Dhamma... in the Sangha; and he gains enthusiasm for the goal, gains enthusiasm for the Dhamma, gains gladness connected with the Dhamma. When he is gladdened, joy is born in him; being joyous in mind, his body becomes tranquil; his body being tranquil, he feels happiness; and the mind of him who is happy becomes concentrated."[MN 7 Vatthupama Sutta]
Ptsm stands for Patisambhidamagga (Path of Discrimination).
Love Buddha's dhamma,