daverupa wrote:I think §1337.666 is actually about Mara's powers...
As an aside, is it the case that one who upholds the first precept is also to that extent restrained with respect to the third parajika? Or does the monastic ruling cover more here? It does say "incite" in various ways; I suppose the first precept doesn't cover speaking in praise of death? Perhaps this is covered by the fourth precept...
Should any bhikkhu intentionally deprive a human being of life, or search for an assassin for him, or praise the advantages of death, or incite him to die (saying,): "My good man, what use is this evil, miserable life to you? Death would be better for you than life," or with such an idea in mind, such a purpose in mind, should in various ways praise the advantages of death or incite him to die, he also is defeated and no longer in affiliation.
Dhammanando wrote:petergriffin608 wrote:Hi, I am new to Buddhism and doing research on this.
Can anyone please tell whether Buddhist monks (Theravada school) are allowed to kill somebody who is trying to kill them. i.e. Can the monks kill in self defense. Which sutta has this please???
If a bhikkhu is cornered by an attacker, it is not a Vinaya offence if he gives the attacker a blow, provided that it's only with the aim of escaping from him. If the bhikkhu attempts to kill the attacker and succeeds, then he is defeated (as other posters have mentioned). If he inadvertently kills the attacker while giving him a blow with the aim of escaping, then that too would be no offence, for only intentional killing of a human is a defeating offence.
The source is the Vinaya Pitaka's account of the 4th pacittiya rule in the Patimokkha's Sahadhammikavagga. For a modern exposition of this, click here and scroll down to 74:
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/auth ... h08-8.html
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