alan... wrote:are jhana and samadhi one and the same?
jhana being absorptions and samadhi meaning "concentration" is there any time samadhi means it's own separate thing?
vipassana i believe is insight which is looking at things with the mind and developing insight into them.
samatha is calm? so a jhanic factor?
i know many of these terms are likely used for describing a progression, as in metta can be samatha but then lead into jhana and so on.
so how many types are there once you get up the ladder (ie: past the method and into a different state of consciousness?
just jhana and vipassana?
Let me give it my best shot.
Samadhi means something like focus or concentration, although personally I prefer the translation "collectedness." It refers to a certain strength and stability of mind which can be developed through meditation.
Jhana refers to certain states of mind which have very strong Samadhi, the mind is free from the five hinderances, and various Jhanic factors are present (The exact factors depend on which Jhana you are talking about).
Samatha refers to tranquility and peace in the mind that is developed in meditation.
Vipassana refers to the quality of the mind to clearly and truly see its mental objects. It is a certain kind of mental clarity that is very important in meditation.
I hope that is a good and simple answer for you.