Steve, I don't think one needs make a choice between health or enlightenment.
I also read that article a few days ago and thought it was interesting. With regards to the discrepancy of incidence of mental health in the 'religious' as opposed to the 'spiritual', perhaps it may have something to do with people who are attracted to trying various forms of spirituality attempting to, as it were, self-treat. It would be interesting to read the original article the Age piece is based on.
The greater part of happiness comes from the deep well of equanimity that is experienced regardless of whatever else is going on. This what some in the psychological discipline also refer to as ""Wellbeing". The Dhamma allows us to develop that anchor, that anchora salutis (anchor of salvation). But it is a long-term project. When mental health issues begin to affect the quality of one's life in a significant way, it usually requires some form of psychological or medical intervention.
As I mentioned earlier, there's no reason why Dhamma practice and psychological or medical treatment cannot happen in tandem and that there is evidence to support such a regime.
Perhaps what is sometimes required is to tailor the practice to the person.
“No lists of things to be done. The day providential to itself. The hour. There is no later. This is later. All things of grace and beauty such that one holds them to one's heart have a common provenance in pain. Their birth in grief and ashes.”
- Cormac McCarthy, The Road
Learn this from the waters:
in mountain clefts and chasms,
loud gush the streamlets,
but great rivers flow silently.
- Sutta Nipata 3.725
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