nimitta for jhana

Discussion of Samatha bhavana and Jhana bhavana.

nimitta for jhana

Postby alan... » Tue Jan 29, 2013 5:11 am

is it possible that the commentators used this method because one of the popular methods for them was kasina practice which immediately involves a nimitta and it is integral for the entire process, so perhaps they just kept using it with anapanasati and everything else even though it's not in the suttas? and further that today since kasina practice is not common, some may never see a nimitta, even if they could otherwise master jhana meditation, they simply will not see a nimitta or at least not on any consistent basis. however that same person could see one if they had practiced kasina meditation first.

how much is visualization and how much is naturally occuring? how much is lack of visual stimulation causing visual "noise" (related to the ganzfeld effect) and how much is only in the mind (in the case of non-kasina practice). would a blind person who did not know of or practice kasina be able to see nimitta?


any thoughts and ideas are welcome.
alan...
 
Posts: 824
Joined: Thu Dec 06, 2012 9:37 pm

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby Sekha » Tue Jan 29, 2013 5:59 am

is it possible that the commentators used this method because one of the popular methods for them was kasina practice which immediately involves a nimitta and it is integral for the entire process, so perhaps they just kept using it with anapanasati and everything else even though it's not in the suttas?

that sounds possible to me

how much is visualization and how much is naturally occuring? how much is lack of visual stimulation causing visual "noise" (related to the ganzfeld effect) and how much is only in the mind (in the case of non-kasina practice). would a blind person who did not know of or practice kasina be able to see nimitta?

the nimitta is not "visual". It is seen by the mind. The mind perceives its own inner brightness. Nothing to do with the organ of sight, so a blind man who see it all the same.
Where knowledge ends, religion begins. - B. Disraeli

http://www.buddha-vacana.org

As a sweet-smelling and beautiful lotus flower may grow upon a heap of rubbish thrown on the highway, so also, out of the rubbish heap of beings may appear a disciple of the Buddha, who with his wisdom, shines resplendent in wisdom. -/ Dhp 58-59
User avatar
Sekha
 
Posts: 751
Joined: Wed Jan 20, 2010 12:32 am
Location: French Guiana

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby alan... » Tue Jan 29, 2013 6:03 am

Sekha wrote:
is it possible that the commentators used this method because one of the popular methods for them was kasina practice which immediately involves a nimitta and it is integral for the entire process, so perhaps they just kept using it with anapanasati and everything else even though it's not in the suttas?

that sounds possible to me

how much is visualization and how much is naturally occuring? how much is lack of visual stimulation causing visual "noise" (related to the ganzfeld effect) and how much is only in the mind (in the case of non-kasina practice). would a blind person who did not know of or practice kasina be able to see nimitta?

the nimitta is not "visual". It is seen by the mind. The mind perceives its own inner brightness. Nothing to do with the organ of sight, so a blind man who see it all the same.


i wonder... based on the idea that some may not see them ever if they do not first use kasina practice i think there is some validity to them being partially visual noise at least before they learn to visualize the kasina internally.

basically i think it's possible nimitta are not always going to manifest naturally without kasina practice and that a large percentage of the time when they do it has something to do with visual noise. the other part it's visualization within the mind that is not related to physical vision.

further, the description of nimitta in the commentaries frequently is a ball shape and kasina are usually round so perhaps many turn initial visual noise into a ball and then later mentally develop it into a non physical, purely mental image.
alan...
 
Posts: 824
Joined: Thu Dec 06, 2012 9:37 pm

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby Sekha » Tue Jan 29, 2013 6:15 am

visual noise or not, round or not, bowl or not it doesn't matter. The more you think about those things imho the more you are hindering your practice. The nimitta appears when the mind becomes concentrated. If you are working with the breath, it appears faster if you breathe naturally, and for that it is better not to focus on in-and-out breaths, only on the breath as a whole. That's right: it means you are actually not practicing aana-apaanaa-ssati (mindfulness of in-and-out-breaths), but imo you are preparing yourself for the light kasina.
Where knowledge ends, religion begins. - B. Disraeli

http://www.buddha-vacana.org

As a sweet-smelling and beautiful lotus flower may grow upon a heap of rubbish thrown on the highway, so also, out of the rubbish heap of beings may appear a disciple of the Buddha, who with his wisdom, shines resplendent in wisdom. -/ Dhp 58-59
User avatar
Sekha
 
Posts: 751
Joined: Wed Jan 20, 2010 12:32 am
Location: French Guiana

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby alan... » Tue Jan 29, 2013 6:23 am

Sekha wrote:visual noise or not, round or not, bowl or not it doesn't matter. The more you think about those things imho the more you are hindering your practice. The nimitta appears when the mind becomes concentrated. If you are working with the breath, it appears faster if you breathe naturally, and for that it is better not to focus on in-and-out breaths, only on the breath as a whole. That's right: it means you are actually not practicing aana-apaanaa-ssati (mindfulness of in-and-out-breaths), but imo you are preparing yourself for the light kasina.


hey i agree with you. i don't find nimitta in the suttas so i don't really work with them much. i used to after reading some brahm but not anymore. incidentally, i'm a little confused as to where to go without nimitta. what do you do? keep the breath the whole time and ignore the mental images?
alan...
 
Posts: 824
Joined: Thu Dec 06, 2012 9:37 pm

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby mikenz66 » Tue Jan 29, 2013 6:35 am

alan... wrote:hey i agree with you. i don't find nimitta in the suttas so i don't really work with them much. ?

See this discussion, especially towards the bottom:
viewtopic.php?f=43&t=15578

:anjali:
Mike
User avatar
mikenz66
 
Posts: 10536
Joined: Sat Jan 10, 2009 7:37 am
Location: New Zealand

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby alan... » Tue Jan 29, 2013 6:40 am

mikenz66 wrote:
alan... wrote:hey i agree with you. i don't find nimitta in the suttas so i don't really work with them much. ?

See this discussion, especially towards the bottom:
viewtopic.php?f=43&t=15578

:anjali:
Mike


indeed i have read these texts before. as far as i can tell they do not create an image of the buddha clearly stating that nimitta images are necessary or even suggesting their practice. seems like they're mentioned as a side effect whereas many teachers make them a HUGE part of meditation. however i'm not positive on this. what do you think?
alan...
 
Posts: 824
Joined: Thu Dec 06, 2012 9:37 pm

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby Sylvester » Tue Jan 29, 2013 6:46 am

alan... wrote:is it possible that the commentators used this method because one of the popular methods for them was kasina practice which immediately involves a nimitta and it is integral for the entire process, so perhaps they just kept using it with anapanasati and everything else even though it's not in the suttas?


Doesn't MN 128 count as a sutta?

That being said, some would doubt that MN 128's obhāsanimitta is an essential landmark of every approach to jhana... Others, citing the Vsm, believe that the nimitta might be interpreted as something "like" a tactile experience. Pop into the Anguttara 8s in the Earthquake section. There's a sutta there that suggests that the nimittas were pivotal to the Buddha's Awakening, but perhaps that pertains only a Buddha?
Sylvester
 
Posts: 1550
Joined: Tue Mar 10, 2009 9:57 am

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby Sekha » Tue Jan 29, 2013 6:51 am

alan... wrote:i don't find nimitta in the suttas so i don't really work with them much. i used to after reading some brahm but not anymore. incidentally, i'm a little confused as to where to go without nimitta. what do you do? keep the breath the whole time and ignore the mental images?

It is not that the word nimitta does not appear in the suttas. It is rather that a nimitta consisting of light is NEVER mentioned with anapanassati. I think Webu Sayadaw had understood everything. He is believed by many respectable meditation teachers to have been an arahant:

U Kumara went to Mandalay to study at the famous Masoyein monastery, the leading monastic university of the time. In the seventh year after his full ordination, he left the monastery to put into practice what he had learned about meditation. After leaving the Masoyein monastery, U Kumara spent four years in solitude. Then he went to his native village of Ingyinbin for a brief visit, where he taught the technique of meditation he had adopted. "This is a shortcut to Nibbana," he said, "anyone can use it. It stands up to investigation and is in accordance with the teachings of the Buddha as conserved in the scriptures. It is the straight path to Nibbana."


Whenever we breathe in or out, the incoming and the outgoing air touches somewhere in or near the nostrils. The sensitive matter registers the touch of air. In this process, the entities touching are matter and the entity knowing the touch is mind. So do not go around asking others about mind and matter; observe your breathing and you will find out about them for yourselves.

When the air comes in, it will touch. When the air goes out, it will touch. If you know this touch continuously, then greed (lobha), aversion (dosa), and delusion (moha) do not have the opportunity to arise, and the fires of these defilements will subside.

You cannot know the touch of air before it actually occurs. After it has gone, you cannot know it anymore. Only while the air moves in or out can you feel the sensation of touch. This we call the present moment.

While we feel the touch of air, we know that there is only mind and matter. We know for ourselves that there is no "I," no other people, no man and woman, and we realize for ourselves that what the Buddha said is true indeed. We do not need to ask others. While we know the in-breath and out-breath, there is no "I" or self.

When we know this, our view is pure; it is right view. We know in that moment that there is nothing but nama and rupa, mind and matter. We also know that mind and matter are two different entities. If we thus know how to distinguish between mind and matter, we have attained to the analytical knowledge of mind and matter (nama-rupapariccheda-ññ).

If we know the touch of air as and when it occurs, our mind is pure and we get the benefits thereof. Do not think that the benefits you get thus, even in a split-second, are few. Do not think that those who meditate do not get any advantages from their practice. Now that you have been born in a happy plane and have met the teachings of a Buddha, you can obtain great benefits. Do not worry about eating and drinking, but make all the effort you can.
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/auth ... html#intro
Where knowledge ends, religion begins. - B. Disraeli

http://www.buddha-vacana.org

As a sweet-smelling and beautiful lotus flower may grow upon a heap of rubbish thrown on the highway, so also, out of the rubbish heap of beings may appear a disciple of the Buddha, who with his wisdom, shines resplendent in wisdom. -/ Dhp 58-59
User avatar
Sekha
 
Posts: 751
Joined: Wed Jan 20, 2010 12:32 am
Location: French Guiana

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby alan... » Tue Jan 29, 2013 8:32 am

Sekha wrote:
alan... wrote:i don't find nimitta in the suttas so i don't really work with them much. i used to after reading some brahm but not anymore. incidentally, i'm a little confused as to where to go without nimitta. what do you do? keep the breath the whole time and ignore the mental images?

It is not that the word nimitta does not appear in the suttas. It is rather that a nimitta consisting of light is NEVER mentioned with anapanassati. I think Webu Sayadaw had understood everything. He is believed by many respectable meditation teachers to have been an arahant:

U Kumara went to Mandalay to study at the famous Masoyein monastery, the leading monastic university of the time. In the seventh year after his full ordination, he left the monastery to put into practice what he had learned about meditation. After leaving the Masoyein monastery, U Kumara spent four years in solitude. Then he went to his native village of Ingyinbin for a brief visit, where he taught the technique of meditation he had adopted. "This is a shortcut to Nibbana," he said, "anyone can use it. It stands up to investigation and is in accordance with the teachings of the Buddha as conserved in the scriptures. It is the straight path to Nibbana."


Whenever we breathe in or out, the incoming and the outgoing air touches somewhere in or near the nostrils. The sensitive matter registers the touch of air. In this process, the entities touching are matter and the entity knowing the touch is mind. So do not go around asking others about mind and matter; observe your breathing and you will find out about them for yourselves.

When the air comes in, it will touch. When the air goes out, it will touch. If you know this touch continuously, then greed (lobha), aversion (dosa), and delusion (moha) do not have the opportunity to arise, and the fires of these defilements will subside.

You cannot know the touch of air before it actually occurs. After it has gone, you cannot know it anymore. Only while the air moves in or out can you feel the sensation of touch. This we call the present moment.

While we feel the touch of air, we know that there is only mind and matter. We know for ourselves that there is no "I," no other people, no man and woman, and we realize for ourselves that what the Buddha said is true indeed. We do not need to ask others. While we know the in-breath and out-breath, there is no "I" or self.

When we know this, our view is pure; it is right view. We know in that moment that there is nothing but nama and rupa, mind and matter. We also know that mind and matter are two different entities. If we thus know how to distinguish between mind and matter, we have attained to the analytical knowledge of mind and matter (nama-rupapariccheda-ññ).

If we know the touch of air as and when it occurs, our mind is pure and we get the benefits thereof. Do not think that the benefits you get thus, even in a split-second, are few. Do not think that those who meditate do not get any advantages from their practice. Now that you have been born in a happy plane and have met the teachings of a Buddha, you can obtain great benefits. Do not worry about eating and drinking, but make all the effort you can.
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/auth ... html#intro


oh i get it, it's an anapanasati thing, not an overall meditation thing! thanks. i was confused apparently.
alan...
 
Posts: 824
Joined: Thu Dec 06, 2012 9:37 pm

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby alan... » Tue Jan 29, 2013 8:41 am

Sylvester wrote:
alan... wrote:is it possible that the commentators used this method because one of the popular methods for them was kasina practice which immediately involves a nimitta and it is integral for the entire process, so perhaps they just kept using it with anapanasati and everything else even though it's not in the suttas?


Doesn't MN 128 count as a sutta?

That being said, some would doubt that MN 128's obhāsanimitta is an essential landmark of every approach to jhana... Others, citing the Vsm, believe that the nimitta might be interpreted as something "like" a tactile experience. Pop into the Anguttara 8s in the Earthquake section. There's a sutta there that suggests that the nimittas were pivotal to the Buddha's Awakening, but perhaps that pertains only a Buddha?


so in MN 128 is it saying that one should watch and maintain the nimitta the whole time while meditating throughout? it says "light and forms", light is nimitta but what is forms?

clearly i was misinformed about nimitta in the suttas! i think i mistook articles about the non existence of nimitta in anapanasati suttas to mean that it wasn't in any suttas.
alan...
 
Posts: 824
Joined: Thu Dec 06, 2012 9:37 pm

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby Zom » Tue Jan 29, 2013 9:34 am

Forms here mean devas. There's a sutta in AN confirming this.
As far as I remember Ven. Bodhi explained this light-and-forms as the development of the Divine Eye (but still as we know there are arahants with no divine eye).
User avatar
Zom
 
Posts: 848
Joined: Fri May 08, 2009 6:38 pm
Location: Russia, Saint-Petersburg

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby daverupa » Tue Jan 29, 2013 11:40 am

The Simile of the Cook exemplifies nimitta in terms of the "nimitta of ones mind" with respect to the "nimitta of ones master" and his preference for this or that foodstuff on any given day, which a skilled cook will then incorporate.

So daily one cooks satipatthana for ones mind, carefully noting the mind's preferences and picking up that nimitta. "As a result, he is rewarded with a pleasant abiding here & now, together with mindfulness & alertness.".

Pleasant abidings here and now are jhana.
    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting oneself one protects others? By the pursuit, development, and cultivation of the four establishments of mindfulness. It is in such a way that by protecting oneself one protects others.

    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting others one protects oneself? By patience, harmlessness, goodwill, and sympathy. It is in such a way that by protecting others one protects oneself.
- Sedaka Sutta [SN 47.19]
User avatar
daverupa
 
Posts: 4243
Joined: Mon Jan 31, 2011 6:58 pm

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby gendun » Tue Jan 29, 2013 12:50 pm

If it seems likely that I am about to put a brake on the debate please feel free to take appropriate action moderators :anjali:
In the tradition in which I attempt to practise , nimitta (plural ? ) are seen as just another phenomenon to be noted and pretty much ignored.
Sorry to ask something so basic , but how does that differ in practise from the Theravada ?
Imagine that you are addressing someone reasonably bright but very green in these specific matters.

:anjali:
Gendun P. Brownlow.
Karma Kagyu student.
gendun
 
Posts: 69
Joined: Tue Jan 08, 2013 10:49 am
Location: Guildford UK

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby alan... » Tue Jan 29, 2013 7:22 pm

gendun wrote:If it seems likely that I am about to put a brake on the debate please feel free to take appropriate action moderators :anjali:
In the tradition in which I attempt to practise , nimitta (plural ? ) are seen as just another phenomenon to be noted and pretty much ignored.
Sorry to ask something so basic , but how does that differ in practise from the Theravada ?
Imagine that you are addressing someone reasonably bright but very green in these specific matters.

:anjali:


some teachers teach what you're saying. others teach that they should be focused on and expanded, used throughout meditation, utterly indispensable. others teach in between. depends on who you're talking to.
alan...
 
Posts: 824
Joined: Thu Dec 06, 2012 9:37 pm

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby Sylvester » Wed Jan 30, 2013 1:53 am

daverupa wrote:The Simile of the Cook exemplifies nimitta in terms of the "nimitta of ones mind" with respect to the "nimitta of ones master" and his preference for this or that foodstuff on any given day, which a skilled cook will then incorporate.

So daily one cooks satipatthana for ones mind, carefully noting the mind's preferences and picking up that nimitta. "As a result, he is rewarded with a pleasant abiding here & now, together with mindfulness & alertness.".

Pleasant abidings here and now are jhana.


A very good catch! It ties in really nicely with MN 44's characterisation of the 4 establishments being the nimitta of concentration. I think this is why I favour Ajahn Brahm's explanation that the nimitta in meditation is the "sign" of the mind (rather than the more traditional explanation of it being the image of an object). In the Suda Sutta above, you actually get the Pali saying -

cittassa nimittaṃ uggaṇhātī

he picks up the mind's nimitta


For me, this is in fact crucial to the entry into jhana, as satipaṭṭhāna leads to very equanimous states of mind that are free of the hindrances. How does one make that leap from equanimity to the perception of rapture and pleasure born of seclusion? Through recognition of the fact that the hindrances are gone and that one is free of the kāmā. That is mental data that are pleasant to cognise and should give rise to joyous mental feeling (but only if one has been taught as such). The nimitta here, IMO, is the data that the hindrances are zapped and one sees the mind as having abandoned its defilements. Something indeed to celebrate.

This still leaves some unsatisfied - why should such a nimitta have such an effulgent character? Are the effulgent descriptions of the meditation nimitta in MN 128 and AN 8s to be taken literally or metaphorically? I'm for the literal reading.
Sylvester
 
Posts: 1550
Joined: Tue Mar 10, 2009 9:57 am

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby daverupa » Wed Jan 30, 2013 2:22 am

Sylvester wrote:the effulgent descriptions of the meditation nimitta


Phosphenes, in my opinion. Quite literal.
    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting oneself one protects others? By the pursuit, development, and cultivation of the four establishments of mindfulness. It is in such a way that by protecting oneself one protects others.

    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting others one protects oneself? By patience, harmlessness, goodwill, and sympathy. It is in such a way that by protecting others one protects oneself.
- Sedaka Sutta [SN 47.19]
User avatar
daverupa
 
Posts: 4243
Joined: Mon Jan 31, 2011 6:58 pm

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby tiltbillings » Wed Jan 30, 2013 3:27 am

Moderator note: This thread was moved here, allowing for a more broad based discussion, in that it did not quite fit the more limiting guidelines for the classical section.
This being is bound to samsara, kamma is his means for going beyond.
SN I, 38.

Ar scáth a chéile a mhaireas na daoine.
People live in one another’s shelter.

"We eat cold eels and think distant thoughts." -- Jack Johnson
User avatar
tiltbillings
 
Posts: 19763
Joined: Wed Dec 31, 2008 9:25 am

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby Sylvester » Wed Jan 30, 2013 5:56 am

I think Dmytro's post here is to the point -

viewtopic.php?f=43&t=15578#p224283

If "sign" is too mysterious a translation, but "representation" or "perceptual image" is too much of a mouthful, perhaps nimitta could be better translated in a way to denote that its function in perception. It is that "something" that enables recognition of a state. How about "characteristic" or "quality" or even "condition" (in the colloquial English sense)?

In DN 15, we have a serendipitiously useful set of synonyms involving nimitta. The synonyms are embedded here -

tesu ākāresu tesu liṅgesu tesu nimittesu tesu uddesesu (ākāra liṅga nimitta uddesa)


ākāra = aspect, appearance
liṅga = mark, attribute, feature, emblem, characteristic
uddesa = mark

I think this is why the Suda Sutta cited by dave applies nimitta in the sense of the recognisable condition of the mind developed through satipaṭṭhāna -

As he remains thus focused on mental qualities in & of themselves, his mind becomes concentrated, his defilements are abandoned. He takes note of that fact (picks up that nimitta). As a result, he is rewarded with a pleasant abiding here & now, together with mindfulness & alertness. Why is that? Because the wise, experienced, skillful monk picks up on the theme of his own mind (picks up the mind's nimitta).

Tassa dhammesu dhammānupassino viharato cittaṃ samādhiyati, upakkilesā pahīyanti, so taṃ nimittaṃ uggaṇhāti. Sakho so bhikkhave, paṇḍito viyatto kusalo bhikkhu lābhī ceva hoti diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārānaṃ, lābhī hoti satisampajaññassa. Taṃ kissa hetu: tathā hi so bhikkhave, paṇḍito vyatto kusalo bhikkhu sakassa cittassa nimittaṃ uggaṇhātīti.


From Mike's post in the other thread on nimittas -

DN iii 242. DN 33, p498
(25) ‘Five bases of deliverance (vimuttāyatanāni): Here, (a) the Teacher or a respected fellow-disciple teaches a monk Dhamma. And as he receives the teaching, he gains a grasp of both the spirit and the letter of the teaching. At this, joy arises in him, and from this joy, delight (pīti); and by this delight his senses are calmed, he feels happiness (sukhaṁ) as a result, and with this happiness his mind is established; (b) he has not heard it thus, but in the course of teaching Dhamma to others he has learnt it by heart as he has heard it; or (c) as he is chanting the Dhamma ... ; or (d) ... when he applies his mind to the Dhamma, thinks and ponders over it and concentrates his attention on it (anupekkhati); or (e) when he has properly grasped some concentration-sign (samādhi-nimittam ), has well considered it, applied his mind to it (supadhāritaṁ), and has well penetrated it with wisdom (suppaṭividdhaṁ paññāya). At this, joy arises in him, and from this joy, delight; and by this delight his senses are calmed, he feels happiness as a result, and with this happiness his mind is established.


The aforesaid concentration-sign conveniently pops up in MN 128, where the Buddha also instructs the monks to nimittaṃ paṭivijjhitabbaṃ (you should penetrate the nimitta). "Suppaṭividdha" = su + paṭividdha, where paṭividdha is the past participle of paṭivijjhati, which also gave us paṭivijjhitabba in MN 128.

I'm convinced that the Suda Sutta makes a clear linkage between satipaṭṭhāna and jhana. When the hindrances have truly been discarded, the mind will have a recognisable quality of purity, malleability, radiance etc etc, that should be recognised as something to be joyful about. Can one launch into a jhana without any such nimitta?
Sylvester
 
Posts: 1550
Joined: Tue Mar 10, 2009 9:57 am

Re: nimitta for jhana

Postby daverupa » Wed Jan 30, 2013 12:55 pm

Sylvester wrote: When the hindrances have truly been discarded, the mind will have a recognisable quality of purity, malleability, radiance etc etc, that should be recognised as something to be joyful about. Can one launch into a jhana without any such nimitta?


It seems clear: secluded from kamaguna & akusala-dhamma, ...with piti-sukha born of seclusion. The piti-sukha is the joy, as you say; the seclusions, then, the something to be that way about.

I'm having some trouble locating a sutta which describes the brahmaviharas as also secluded from kamaguna; I paraphrase, but the gist was that the brahmaviharas are an important source for wholesome pleasant feeling, with respect to that sort of pleasure one ought to pursue and develop. The practice of pervading the brahamviharas gives an experiential tint to the jhana metaphors, it seems to me.
    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting oneself one protects others? By the pursuit, development, and cultivation of the four establishments of mindfulness. It is in such a way that by protecting oneself one protects others.

    "And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting others one protects oneself? By patience, harmlessness, goodwill, and sympathy. It is in such a way that by protecting others one protects oneself.
- Sedaka Sutta [SN 47.19]
User avatar
daverupa
 
Posts: 4243
Joined: Mon Jan 31, 2011 6:58 pm

Next

Return to Samatha Meditation and Jhana

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: ftw and 2 guests