Hi Mike and other friends,
Thanks for the sutta. As to Upadhi, I found the following translations in the Pali text Society's Pali-English Dictionary:
1) Upadhi : = Divy 224 upadhi is called a bond (saŋgo). Cp. opadhika. -- The upadhis were later systematized into a set of 10, which are given at Nd2 157 as follows: 5 taṇhɔ upadhis (taṇhā, diṭṭhi, kilesa, kamma, duccarita), āhār-- upadhi, paṭigh˚, catasso upādinnā dhātuyo u. (viz. kāma, diṭṭhi, sīlabbata, attavāda; see D iii.230), cha ajjhattikāni āyatanāni u., cha viññāṇa-- kāyā u. Another modified classification see at Brethren p. 398.
2) Upadhi : syn. with kilesa or taṇhā, cp. nirupadhi & anupadhi); S A. = pañcakkhandhā, S ii.108. At M i 162 (cp. Sn 33 = S i.6 = i.107) wife and children, flocks and herds, silver and gold are called upadhayo. upadhi is the root of sorrow ib. 454; S ii.108; Sn 728 = 1051 = Th i.152 and the rejection of all upadhis is Nibbāna D ii.36. (cp. S i.136; iii.133; v.226;
3) Upadhi [fr. upa + dhā, cp. upadahati & BSk. upadhi Divy 50, 224, 534] 1. putting down or under, foundation, basis, ground, substratum (of rebirth) S i.117, 124, 134, 186; A ii.24 (˚sankhaya); iii.382 (id.); iv.150 (˚kkhaya); It 21, 69; Sn 364, 728
I tend to think that Upadhi probably means "bond" (attachment) in the following teaching considering "craving" has been used right after it:
"... the stilling of all volitions (清静无为，无欲无求), the relinquishing of all attachments, the destruction of craving, dispassion, cessation, Nibbāna."
In addiiton, although Saṅkhāra has been translated as formations, as I recall in at least one sutta the Buddha used this word to mean volitions, and defined the six types of volitions. Also the Buddha seemed to have the habit to use many synonyms to illustrate the same meaning (which is very helpful for us now to understand what he meant), and "volitions" and "attachments" appear to fit here better than "formations" and "acquisitions", respectively. Just to share my thoughts.
Metta to all!
Last edited by starter
on Sat Dec 21, 2013 4:09 pm, edited 1 time in total.