Moderator: Mahavihara moderator
Manapa wrote:in a e-mail discussion group I use to go to, one of the members used 'Aristocrats' which I though quite a nice way to render it?
David N. Snyder wrote:Manapa wrote:in a e-mail discussion group I use to go to, one of the members used 'Aristocrats' which I though quite a nice way to render it?
Probably not a good way, in my opinion. Aristocrat is usually associated with 'elite' or the highest social class, almost a caste.
"Birth makes no Brahmin, nor non-Brahmin, makes; it is life‘s doing that mold the Brahmin true.
Their lives mold farmers, tradesmen, merchants, and serfs. Their lives mold robbers, soldiers,
chaplains, and kings. By birth is not one an out-caste. By birth is not one a Brahmin. By deeds is
one an out-caste. By deeds is one a Brahmin."
Majjhima Nikaya 98, Vasettha Sutta 57-59
Paññāsikhara wrote:Many theories have been proposed as to why there is no further evidence of these civilizations after ~1500 BCE. European continental philologists of the 19th century proposed a theory of an Indo-European “Āryan” language root (later adapted to an ethnic root by others), encompassing the ancient languages and religions (and races) of Europe, India and beyond. Although philologically and linguistically brilliant, such theories abounded with cultural, religious and political agendas. This theory was then linked to a theory that the Āryan peoples “invaded” north west India ~1500 BCE, bringing their Vedic religion with them.
Paññāsikhara wrote:Although philologically and linguistically brilliant, such theories abounded with cultural, religious and political agendas.
The descendents of the Aryan colonists were called Sinhala, after their city, Sinhapura, which was founded by Sinhabahu, the lion-armed king. The lion-armed descendents are the present Sinhalese, whose ancestors had never been conquered, and in whose veins no savage blood is found. Ethnologically, the Sinhalese are a unique race, inasmuch as they can boast that they have no slave blood in them, and never were conquered by either pagan Tamils or European vandals who for three centuries devastated the land, destroyed ancient temples, burnt valuable libraries, and nearly annihilated historic race.
Paññāsikhara wrote:The meaning of "ariyan" as used by the Buddha is, ironically quite the opposite of this. The basic entry point of such a state of sanctity is the removal of the view "me & mine". Ultimately, there could be no such association with even the physical body or mental states, let alone "my people, my race, my nation".
"He lives, having pervaded, with the thought of compassion, one quarter; likewise the second; likewise the third; likewise the fourth; so above, below, and across; he dwells, having pervaded because of the existence in it of all living beings, everywhere, the entire world, with the great, exalted, boundless thought of compassion that is free of hate or malice."