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how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation? - Dhamma Wheel

how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

General discussion of issues related to Theravada Meditation, e.g. meditation postures, developing a regular sitting practice, skillfully relating to difficulties and hindrances, etc.
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dhammastudier
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how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby dhammastudier » Mon Jun 14, 2010 9:38 pm

i know there is the ananapanisati sutta in the samyutta nikaya but where else did he explain it? and if there are more than one, how do they differ?

i've been doing mindfulness of breathing meditation for around eight years and have had much benefit and am pretty happy with it. i just have always heard about other techniques and was wondering if maybe i should be doing some of them.
Last edited by dhammastudier on Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:44 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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bodom
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby bodom » Mon Jun 14, 2010 9:58 pm

There are 40 canonical subjects of meditation

Ten Kasinas:

(1) earth, (2) water, (3) fire, (4) air, wind, (5) blue, green, (6) yellow, (7) red, (8) white, (9) enclosed space, (10) bright light.

ten are objects of repulsion:

(1) swollen corpse, (2) discolored, bluish, corpse, (3) festering corpse, (4) fissured corpse, (5) gnawed corpse, (6,7) dismembered, or hacked and scattered, corpse, (8) bleeding corpse, (9) worm-eaten corpse, (10) skeleton.

Ten are recollections:

(1) Buddha(2) Dhamma (3) Sangha (4) morality (5) liberality (6) the wholesome attributes of Devas (7) the body (8) death (9) the breath(10) peace (Nibbana).

Four Brahma-vihara:

(1) kindness (2) compassion (3) sympathetic joy (4) equanimity

Four formless states:

(1) infinite space(2) infinite consciousness(3) infinite nothingness(4) neither perception nor non-perception.

One is of perception of disgust of food.

The last is analysis of the four elements:

1) earth 2) water 3) fire 4) air

:anjali:
Last edited by bodom on Mon Jun 14, 2010 10:02 pm, edited 2 times in total.
To study is to know the texts,
To practice is to know your defilements,
To attain the goal is to know and let go.

- Ajahn Lee Dhammadharo


With mindfulness immersed in the body
well established, restrained
with regard to the six media of contact,
always centered, the monk
can know Unbinding for himself.

- Ud 3.5


https://www.dhammatalks.org/index.html
http://www.ajahnchah.org/

Kenshou
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby Kenshou » Mon Jun 14, 2010 10:01 pm

I know that the same instructions appear in the Ananda sutta, Arittha sutta and the Dipa sutta, which are all in the Samyutta, the Majjhima's Anapanasati sutta, and the Girimananda sutta in the Anguttara. The instructions for anapanasati are pretty much universal, though looking at these different sutta you can see that there are different details and perspectives on it thrown in here and there.

As for meditation in general, there's a ton of different approaches and perspectives scattered throughout the nikayas. It would be hard to make a list.

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cooran
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby cooran » Mon Jun 14, 2010 10:41 pm

Hello all,

Here are a links to a few of the many ways, others have already mentioned some of these. Remember that in the Suttas the Buddha did not give minute instructions - that is a matter of discussion and teaching, and therefore, you need a teacher to progress:

Introduction to Meditation
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/index-su ... #intro-med

Anapanasati
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/index-su ... napanasati

Satipatthana
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/index-su ... tipatthana

Mindfulness of the Body
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/index-su ... yagatasati

Mindfulness of Death
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/index-su ... aranassati

Metta - Loving Kindness
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/index-subject.html#metta

with metta
Chris
---The trouble is that you think you have time---
---Worry is the Interest, paid in advance, on a debt you may never owe---
---It's not what happens to you in life that is important ~ it's what you do with it ---

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dhammastudier
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby dhammastudier » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:00 pm


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dhammastudier
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby dhammastudier » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:01 pm


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dhammastudier
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby dhammastudier » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:01 pm


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dhammastudier
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby dhammastudier » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:03 pm

i've also heard it claimed that the buddha taught only one type of meditation... would this mean that all the other things are more contemplative practices than meditations? or would this just mean people disagree on things...?

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dhammastudier
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby dhammastudier » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:08 pm


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retrofuturist
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby retrofuturist » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:09 pm

"Do not force others, including children, by any means whatsoever, to adopt your views, whether by authority, threat, money, propaganda, or even education." - Ven. Thich Nhat Hanh

"The uprooting of identity is seen by the noble ones as pleasurable; but this contradicts what the whole world sees." (Snp 3.12)

"To argue with a person who has renounced the use of reason is like administering medicine to the dead" - Thomas Paine

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Ben
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby Ben » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:10 pm

Zac, you need to have a look at the Tipitaka and the evidence seems to suggest that he taught different meditation subjects to different people.
kind regards

Ben
“No lists of things to be done. The day providential to itself. The hour. There is no later. This is later. All things of grace and beauty such that one holds them to one's heart have a common provenance in pain. Their birth in grief and ashes.”
- Cormac McCarthy, The Road

Learn this from the waters:
in mountain clefts and chasms,
loud gush the streamlets,
but great rivers flow silently.
- Sutta Nipata 3.725

(Buddhist aid in Myanmar) • •

e: [email protected]..

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bodom
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby bodom » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:13 pm

To study is to know the texts,
To practice is to know your defilements,
To attain the goal is to know and let go.

- Ajahn Lee Dhammadharo


With mindfulness immersed in the body
well established, restrained
with regard to the six media of contact,
always centered, the monk
can know Unbinding for himself.

- Ud 3.5


https://www.dhammatalks.org/index.html
http://www.ajahnchah.org/

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dhammastudier
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby dhammastudier » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:14 pm


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dhammastudier
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby dhammastudier » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:15 pm


Kenshou
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby Kenshou » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:20 pm


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dhammastudier
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby dhammastudier » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:21 pm


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Ben
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby Ben » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:24 pm

“No lists of things to be done. The day providential to itself. The hour. There is no later. This is later. All things of grace and beauty such that one holds them to one's heart have a common provenance in pain. Their birth in grief and ashes.”
- Cormac McCarthy, The Road

Learn this from the waters:
in mountain clefts and chasms,
loud gush the streamlets,
but great rivers flow silently.
- Sutta Nipata 3.725

(Buddhist aid in Myanmar) • •

e: [email protected]..

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dhammastudier
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Joined: Tue May 25, 2010 4:28 am

Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby dhammastudier » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:28 pm

ok let me re-frame my question then:

what types of meditation do you guys do? what are some books that teach these methods?

on a side note: why are there a bazillion books on mindfulness of breathing and i've never seen one on anything else? not to say there aren't any on other books on other methods but you have to have noticed that the majority of them on bookshelves or recommended reading lists on buddhism are on breathing. strange.

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bodom
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Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby bodom » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:28 pm

To study is to know the texts,
To practice is to know your defilements,
To attain the goal is to know and let go.

- Ajahn Lee Dhammadharo


With mindfulness immersed in the body
well established, restrained
with regard to the six media of contact,
always centered, the monk
can know Unbinding for himself.

- Ud 3.5


https://www.dhammatalks.org/index.html
http://www.ajahnchah.org/

User avatar
dhammastudier
Posts: 201
Joined: Tue May 25, 2010 4:28 am

Re: how many different ways did the buddha explain meditation?

Postby dhammastudier » Mon Jun 14, 2010 11:29 pm



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