PeterB wrote:I am using the term Non Dualism with capitals, to refer to that philosophy found in the Vedanta and some other systems which take their starting point from the position There Is Only One or more accurately There Is Not Two.
The fact that this is not consistent with Dependant Origination is self explanatory.
Buddhadhamma is posited on a basis which is neither materialistic nor non dualistic.
It in fact takes its position from a different mind set and different set of propositions. i.e. That all phenomena have transient existence. And that transient existence consists of an infinite ( to all extents and purposes ) number of processes arising in mutuality.
What you have described is not Non-dualism. You have described Monism.
Here's a rundown:
Dualism: There are two fundamentally different kinds of 'stuff'.
Monism: Fundamentally, there is only one kind of stuff - mind or matter. There are two types:
- Idealism: Everything is Mind - the appearance of physical things is a kind of illusion
- Physicalism: Everything is Physical - the appearance of mental things is a kind of illusion
Non-dualism is a rejection of Dualism without asserting a Monism. Mind and Matter are 'not two' - they arise together in some sense. Yet we don't need to speculate about what the ultimate nature of reality is. In the context of Buddhism, Non-dualism is the experience of seeing the constructed, conditional nature of the distinction between self and other. In other words it is insight into Anatta. I don't know modern Vedanta very well, however if it is consistent with it's antecedents then this is an ontological theory about Non-dualism - that mind and matter are aspects of Ultimate Reality (Brahman) or some such.
The Buddha tended to avoid such ontological speculation are irrelevant. However he certainly rejected dualistic theories about a self and showed that 'the conceit I am' is a construct. With Dependent Origination, some conditions are what we would call physical and others are mental. This would be inconsistent with Dualism.
But Non-dualism, first and foremost in the context of Buddhism, is an experience - the falling away of 'the conceit 'I am''.