Was reading about the hindrances and was reminded of this thread. This is how Ven. Analayo schematises the hindrances in his book:
Ven Analayo talks about using the technique of 'simple recognition' to deal with the hindrances.
He writes, 'This technique of simple recognition constitutes an ingenious way of turning obstacles to meditation into meditation objects [he cites Bhante Gunaratana's The Path of Serenity and Insight
, p.44, & Thera Nanaponika's The Power of Mindfulness
,p. 21]. Practised in this way, bare awareness of a hindrance becomes a middle path between suppression and indulgence [he cites the Anguttara Nikaya
i 295 for such a portrayal of the practice]. Several discourses beautifully illustrate the powerful effect of this simple act of recognition by describing how the tempter Mara, who often acts as a personification of the five hindrances, loses his powers as soon as he is recognized [he cites the Samyutta Nikaya
i 103-35]' (p. 190).
I don't think the two stages are mutually exclusive; they are both underpinned by sati
. Ven. Analayo's model is instructive in illustrating the multiple points of 'attack' one can take when dealing with hindrances. So according to this schema, one can practice satipatthana
of the hindrances either by simply being aware of them or by contemplating/analysising them with various countermeasures. But it seems to me that Ven. Analayo is suggesting that bare awareness might be an easier first step to dealing with the hindrances. I have personally found such an approach effective.
He also presents this table. The ideas here are from the Papancasudani
(i 281-6), the commentary to the Majjihima Nikaya
EDIT: fixed size of pics