OWEG wrote: ↑Sun Dec 01, 2019 10:04 am
I am listening to an audio book about the human evolution. As in our science today we see the human evolved from the animal state being an higher developed animal, the following question arose in my mind:
Why did the Buddha categorize the human plane of existence as separated from the animal plane?
I ask because it seems, that from modern science point of view the difference between humans and animals are only gradually (like human animals). Not like the difference in matter between human and devas for example. Also in the Jatakata tales we have often very human-like thinking and talking animals.
Any further ideas on this?
Don't expect to get any answers about modern science in a Buddhist discussion forum. The Buddha's teaching is as it is. If it conflicts with modern science than perhaps modern science is wrong. I shall have no other teacher, I take to this my grave.
You should listen to an audio book about reincarnation instead. That would be better for your right knowledge friend. But Buddhism is science. He taught to be rational and develop wisdom and make sure things make sense for yourself. He said you should believe something unless you verify it for yourself as well.
Why did he perpetrate this idea? Because it makes it easy to understand the consequences of karma. The soul has to perform certain actions that are different to become and animal than a soul which becomes a human. It's on the level of the soul. The soul can exist in different levels. For example the sotapanna cannot be reborn lower than human. So that shows there is a fundamental quality about the human world that separates it from the lower worlds.
These talking animals in the Jatakas are from different aeons of existence. Many things can change in the infinitude of existence. Right now animals can't talk, and right now humans only live to be 80. People are very cruel these days, I've hardly seen anyone treat an animal with the same respect as a human. What does all this abuse do the ability to speak? People talk down to animals, or treat them like they are dumb, when they are clearly not that unintelligent.
All the animals came here all at the same time at the start of the realm. End of research.